Effect of γ-irradiation on degradation of alginate

Dong Wook Lee, Won Seok Choi, Myung Woo Byun, Hyun Jin Park, Yong Man Yu, Chong M. Lee

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55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aqueous solution of alginate was irradiated by 60Co γ-rays in the dose range of 10-500 kGy. To assess the effect of irradiation on the degradation of alginate, the irradiation-induced changes in the viscosity, molecular weight, color, monomer composition, and sequence were measured. The molecular weight of raw alginate was reduced from 300000 to 25000 when irradiated at 100 kGy. The degradation rate decreased and the chain breaks per molecule increased with increasing irradiation dose. The viscosity of irradiated alginate solution reached a near minimum as low as at 10 kGy. No appreciable color changes were observed in the samples irradiated at up to 100 kGy, but intense browning occurred beyond 200 kGy. The 13C NMR spectra showed that homopolymeric blocks, MM and GG, increased and the M/G ratio decreased with irradiation. Considering both the level of degradation and the color change of alginate, the optimum irradiation dose was found to be 100 kGy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4819-4823
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume51
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul 30

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Keywords

  • Alginate
  • Degradation
  • Irradiation
  • Oligosaccharides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Lee, D. W., Choi, W. S., Byun, M. W., Park, H. J., Yu, Y. M., & Lee, C. M. (2003). Effect of γ-irradiation on degradation of alginate. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51(16), 4819-4823. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021053y