Effect of a Shortened Duration of FOLFOX Chemotherapy on the Survival rate of Patients with Stage II and III colon Cancer

Woong Bae Ji, Kwang Dae Hong, Jung Sik Kim, Sung Yup Joung, Jun Won Um, Byung Wook Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: FOLFOX chemotherapy is widely used as an adjuvant treatment for advanced colon cancer. The duration of adjuvant chemotherapy is usually set to 6 months, which is based on a former study of 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin chemotherapy. However, the FOLFOX regimen is known to have complications, such as peripheral neuropathy. The aim of this study was to compare the survival rates and complications experienced by patients receiving either 4 or 6 months of FOLFOX chemotherapy. Methods: Retrospective data analysis was performed for stage II and III patients who underwent radical resection of colon cancer. We compared the 5-year survival rates and the occurrence of complications in patients who completed only 8 cycles of FOLFOX chemotherapy with patients who completed 12 cycles of chemotherapy. Results: Among 188 patients who underwent adjuvant FOLFOX chemotherapy for stage II or III colon cancer, 83 (44.1%) completed 6 months of FOLFOX chemotherapy and 64 (34.0%) patients discontinued after 4 months of chemotherapy. The 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates did not show a significant difference. Patients in the 6-month group had peripheral neuropathy more frequently (p = 0.028). Conclusions: Five-year overall and disease-free survival were not significantly different between the 2 groups. Large-scale prospective studies are necessary for the analysis of complications and survival rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-12
Number of pages5
JournalChemotherapy
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Complication
  • Duration
  • FOLFOX
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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