Effect of Amine-Based Organic Compounds on the Work-Function Decrease of Graphene

Ki Chang Kwon, Ho Jun Son, Yeun Hee Hwang, Jeong Hyeon Oh, Tae Won Lee, Ho Won Jang, Kyungwon Kwak, Kwangyoung Park, Soo Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have demonstrated that amine and alkyl groups, applied by a simple spin-coating method, can provide an n-type doping effect on graphene sheets. The organic compounds used in this work are based on amine, phenyl amine, butylphenyl amine, benzoylphenyl amine, and tolylvinylphenyl amine groups. The increases in sheet resistance, decreases in transmittance and work function, and shifts of the G peak to higher wavenumbers and the 2D peak to lower wavenumbers in the Raman spectra indicate that graphene was doped to n-type after the graphene sheets were spin-coated by the amine-based compounds. In particular, graphene doped with butylphenyl amine showed the strongest n-type effect among all of the samples because butylphenyl amine has the strongest binding energy with graphene sheets and disperses in nonpolar solvents, suggesting that the binding energy with graphene sheets and the degree of dispersion in solvents are important factors in the doping process. Molecular calculations based on density functional theory confirmed the n-type properties of graphene doped with amine-based compounds. These results suggest that amine and alkyl groups play a crucial role in the n-type doping of graphene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1309-1316
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 21
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Graphite
organic compounds
Organic compounds
Graphene
Amines
amines
graphene
Doping (additives)
Binding energy
binding energy
Sheet resistance
Spin coating
Density functional theory
coating
Raman scattering
transmittance
Raman spectra
density functional theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Kwon, K. C., Son, H. J., Hwang, Y. H., Oh, J. H., Lee, T. W., Jang, H. W., ... Kim, S. Y. (2016). Effect of Amine-Based Organic Compounds on the Work-Function Decrease of Graphene. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120(2), 1309-1316. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b10473

Effect of Amine-Based Organic Compounds on the Work-Function Decrease of Graphene. / Kwon, Ki Chang; Son, Ho Jun; Hwang, Yeun Hee; Oh, Jeong Hyeon; Lee, Tae Won; Jang, Ho Won; Kwak, Kyungwon; Park, Kwangyoung; Kim, Soo Young.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 120, No. 2, 21.01.2016, p. 1309-1316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwon, KC, Son, HJ, Hwang, YH, Oh, JH, Lee, TW, Jang, HW, Kwak, K, Park, K & Kim, SY 2016, 'Effect of Amine-Based Organic Compounds on the Work-Function Decrease of Graphene', Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 1309-1316. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b10473
Kwon, Ki Chang ; Son, Ho Jun ; Hwang, Yeun Hee ; Oh, Jeong Hyeon ; Lee, Tae Won ; Jang, Ho Won ; Kwak, Kyungwon ; Park, Kwangyoung ; Kim, Soo Young. / Effect of Amine-Based Organic Compounds on the Work-Function Decrease of Graphene. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2016 ; Vol. 120, No. 2. pp. 1309-1316.
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