Effect of blade squealer tips on aerodynamic performance and stall margin in a transonic centrifugal compressor with vaned diffuser

Ali Zamiri, Minsuk Choi, Jin Taek Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In order to enhance the aerodynamic performance of a centrifugal compressor with a vaned diffuser while also improving its stall margin, squealer tip cavities were applied to the tips of the impeller blades. Computational analysis was carried out by solving the compressible three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations. The numerical approach was validated by comparing the results from the flat tip reference case with experimental measurements. Various squealer tips with different cavity depths were applied to both the main and splitter blades and were numerically tested to investigate the influence of cavity depth on the performance and stall margin of the compressor. The results show that squealer tips with a proper cavity depth were effective in enhancing compressor efficiency by 0.32% at the design point, in addition, they were able to improve the stall margin by 1.02%. It was found that the squealer tips reduce tip leakage flow and circumferential velocity near the impeller shroud compared to using flat tips due to the generation of vortical structure within the cavity, which blocks leakage flow in a similar way to labyrinth seals. However, it was observed that by increasing the cavity depth, the size of this vortex becomes larger and the entropy production is increased inside the cavity. Moreover, it was found that the proper cavity depth decreases the mixing tip loss by about 4% compared to flat tips, this plays an important role in the stall margin improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107504
JournalAerospace Science and Technology
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr

Keywords

  • Cavity vortex
  • Centrifugal compressor
  • Squealer tip
  • Stall margin
  • Tip leakage flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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