[Ψ4,5]Secretin was shown to be a secretin receptor antagonist that inhibits secretin-stimulated increase in adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in isolated pancreatic acini of the guinea pig. To determine whether it inhibits pancreatic exocrine secretion in vivo, we have studied the effect of [Ψ4,5]secretin on the pancreatic secretion stimulated by secretin in anesthetized guinea pigs and rats. In basal state, [Ψ4,5]secretin given intravenously for 2 or 3 h in varying doses of 1.6-32.7 nmol · kg-1 · h- 1 dose dependently increased pancreatic secretion of both fluid and bicarbonate during the 1st h, but it returned gradually to basal level within 2 or 3 h. On the other hand, [Ψ4,5]secretin significantly inhibited the pancreatic secretion stimulated by either exogenous or endogenous secretin in a dose-related manner. The inhibitory effect of [Ψ4,5]secretin in guinea pigs was greater than that in rats. However, it did not completely block the secretin-stimulated pancreatic secretion, whereas a rabbit antisecretin serum suppressed it completely. We conclude that 1) in the unstimulated state, [Ψ4,5]secretin is a partial agonist of pancreatic exocrine secretion of both fluid and bicarbonate; and 2) when pancreatic secretion is stimulated by secretin, unlike an antisecretin serum, it is a partial inhibitor in intact guinea pigs and rats.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||5 28-5|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|
- cholecystokinin octapeptide
- secretin antagonist
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)