Objectives: The purpose of this study was to test whether the success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) increased with pre-procedural coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). Background: Coronary CTA provides valuable information before and during CTO-PCI. However, there are no randomized data that explore whether coronary CTA increases its success rate. Methods: In this multicenter, randomized trial, a total of 400 patients with CTO were randomized to receive PCI with pre-procedural coronary CTA (coronary CTA–guided group; n = 200) or without coronary CTA (angiography-guided group; n = 200) between January 2014 and September 2019. The primary endpoint was the successful recanalization rate, a final TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) grade ≥2, and ≤30% residual stenosis on the final angiogram. Results: A total of 10 operators performed PCI. Successful recanalization was achieved in 187 patients (93.5%) in the coronary CTA–guided group and in 168 patients (84.0%) in the angiography-guided group (absolute difference, 9.5% [95% confidence interval: 3.4% to 15.6%]; p = 0.003). When comparing the success rates according to the Multicenter CTO Registry of Japan score (J-CTO), the coronary CTA guidance was favored over the angiography-guidance in the subset of J-CTO ≥2 versus in the subset of J-CTO <2 (p interaction = 0.035). Coronary perforations occurred in 2 (1%) and 8 patients (4%) in the coronary CTA- and angiography-guided groups, respectively (p = 0.055). Periprocedural myocardial infarction was not observed in the coronary CTA–guided group, whereas it occurred in 4 patients (2%) in the angiography-guided group (p = 0.123). Total procedure and fluoroscopic times were not different. There were no differences between the groups in the occurrences of cardiac death, target vessel–related myocardial infarction, or target-vessel revascularization at 1 year. Conclusions: Pre-procedural coronary CTA-guidance for CTO resulted in higher success rates with numerically fewer immediate periprocedural complications such as coronary perforations or periprocedural myocardial infarction than angiography guidance. Higher success rates were more prominently observed in patients with CTO who had a high J-CTO score than those who did not. (Role of CT Scan for the Successful Recanalization of Chronic Total Occlusion; a Randomized Comparison Between 3D CT-guided PCI vs.
- chronic total occlusion
- computed tomography
- percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine