Effect of Dy on the microstructural and magnetic properties of an Nd-Fe-B strip-cast alloy

Tae Hoon Kim, Seong Rae Lee, Dong Hwan Kim, Tae Suk Jang

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6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the effect of Dy on the microstructural and magnetic properties of an (Nd32.57-x,Dyx)Febal.B 0.97 (wt%; x=4.89, 6.51, 8.14, 9.77) strip-cast alloy. The average interlamellar spacing is reduced, and the grain uniformity and (00l) grain alignment in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the strip-cast alloy are enhanced as the Dy content is increased. Furthermore, the formation of α-Fe is increasingly suppressed as the Dy content is increased. These microstructural changes can be explained by an increase in the effective cooling rate of the melted alloy, which is caused by an increase in the solidus temperature of the (Nd,Dy)2Fe14B phase resulting from the substitution of Dy with Nd. The appearance of DyNdO3 precipitates in the grain boundaries also contributes to the grain refinement. Therefore, the improvement in the magnetic properties afforded by the addition of Dy depends on the large anisotropy field of Dy2Fe14B; it also depends on the grain refinement and alignment caused by the increased effective cooling rate and by the DyNdO3 precipitates that form along the Nd-rich grain boundaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-334
Number of pages6
JournalMetals and Materials International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1



  • Casting
  • Ferromagnetic materials
  • Intermetallics
  • Magnetic properties
  • Nd-Fe-B strip-cast alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

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