Effect of electrode microstructure on gas-phase diffusion in solid oxide fuel cells

Sung Pil Yoon, SukWoo Nam, Jonghee Han, Tae Hoon Lim, Seong Ahn Hong, Sang Hoon Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relation between electrode microstructure and gas diffusion has been investigated with different morphologies of Pt electrodes by using AC impedance techniques. The measurements were carried out at temperatures of 873-1273 K and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) of 0.01-1 atm. Gas-phase diffusion was observed only for high-performance electrodes at the high-temperature (1073-1273 K) and low-oxygen-partial-pressure regions (<0.1 atm P O2). Considering the physical and electrochemical characteristics of impedance arcs, it was found that the arc at the frequency of below 1 Hz was related to gas conversion resistance, while the arc at the frequency of around 10 Hz represented pore diffusion resistance through the current-collecting part. For a thick electrode with a low porosity, however, gas diffusion resistance through pores of an electrode was observed at a frequency of around 100 Hz. From the results of a comparison of electrode performances with different electrode microstructures, electrochemical reaction sites (ERS) are supposed to be located at the peripheral line of Pt and YSZ as well as the Pt/YSZ interfaces where reaction gas can easily diffuse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume166
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 15
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Diffusion in solids
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Gases
vapor phases
microstructure
Microstructure
Electrodes
electrodes
gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
arcs
yttria-stabilized zirconia
porosity
Partial pressure
partial pressure
impedance
Oxygen
oxygen
gases

Keywords

  • Electrochemical reaction site
  • Electrode microstructure
  • Gas-phase diffusion
  • Impedance analysis
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Effect of electrode microstructure on gas-phase diffusion in solid oxide fuel cells. / Yoon, Sung Pil; Nam, SukWoo; Han, Jonghee; Lim, Tae Hoon; Hong, Seong Ahn; Hyun, Sang Hoon.

In: Solid State Ionics, Vol. 166, No. 1-2, 15.01.2004, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoon, Sung Pil ; Nam, SukWoo ; Han, Jonghee ; Lim, Tae Hoon ; Hong, Seong Ahn ; Hyun, Sang Hoon. / Effect of electrode microstructure on gas-phase diffusion in solid oxide fuel cells. In: Solid State Ionics. 2004 ; Vol. 166, No. 1-2. pp. 1-11.
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