Effect of fly ash fertilizer on paddy soil quality and rice growth

Se Jin Oh, Hyun Soo Yun, Seung Min Oh, Sung Chul Kim, Rog Young Kim, Yung Ho Seo, Kee Suk Lee, Yong Sik Ok, Jae E. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coal ash can be added to agricultural soils to increase the chemical properties of soil such as pH, cation exchange capacity and nutrient availability of - B, Ca, Mo etc-. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of fly ash as a soil amendment in paddy soils. Selected fly ash was mixed with bentonite and calcium hydroxide at the ratio of 80:15:5 (w/w) and manufactured as a pellet type at the size of 10 mm. Field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of fly ash fertilizer on the soil quality and crop growth compare to the control (no fertilizer) and, - traditional fertilizer. Results showed that soil pH and organic matter in paddy soils after applying the manufactured fly ash fertilizer were not increased compared to the other two treatments. However, the concentration of available phosphate and silicate in paddy soils were higher than those of the control and traditional fertilization. With regard to crop growth, no significant difference was observed between three different treatments. However, the content of protein in the rice grain cultivated with the fly ash fertilizer was higher than in the rice cultivated by other two treatments. Overall, fly ash fertilizer could increase the concentration of available silicate and phosphate in the paddy soil and improve the rice quality. In conclusion, fly ash can be utilized in agricultural soils as soil amendment, especially in the rice paddy soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-234
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Biological Chemistry
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amendment
  • Coal ash
  • Fertilizer
  • Paddy soil
  • Rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Organic Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Oh, S. J., Yun, H. S., Oh, S. M., Kim, S. C., Kim, R. Y., Seo, Y. H., Lee, K. S., Ok, Y. S., & Yang, J. E. (2013). Effect of fly ash fertilizer on paddy soil quality and rice growth. Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry, 56(4), 229-234. https://doi.org/10.3839/jabc.2013.036