Effect of food characteristics, storage conditions, and electron beam irradiation on active agent release from polyamide-coated LDPE films

Jaejoon Han, M. E. Castell-Perez, R. G. Moreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the effect of electron beam irradiation, storage conditions, and model food pH on the release characteristics of trans-cinnamaldehyde incorporated into polyamide-coated low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films. Active agent release rate on irradiated films (up to 20.0 kGy) decreased by 69% compared with the nonirradiated controls, from 0.252 to 0.086 μg/mL/h. Storage temperature (4, 21, and 35°C) and pH (4, 7, and 10) of the food simulant solutions (10% aqueous ethanol) affected the release rate of trans-cinnamaldehyde. As expected, antimicrobial release rate decreased to 0.013 μg/mL/h at the refrigerated temperature (4°C) compared to the higher temperatures (0.029 and 0.035 μg/mL/h at 21 and 35°C). The fastest release rate occurred when exposed to the acidic food simulant solution (pH 4). In aqueous solution, trans-cinnamaldehyde was highly unstable to ionizing radiation, with loss in concentration from 24.50 to 1.36 μg/mL after exposure to 2.0 kGy. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis revealed that exposure to ionizing radiation up to 10.0 kGy did not affect the structural conformation of LDPE/polyamide films and the trans-cinnamaldehyde in the films, though it induced changes in the functional group of trans-cinnamaldehyde when dose increased up to 20.0 kGy. Studies with a radiation-stable compound (naphthalene) showed that ionizing radiation induced the crosslinking in polymer networks of LDPE/polyamide film and caused slow and gradual release of the compound. This study demonstrated that irradiation serves as a controlling factor for release of active compounds, with potential applications in the development of antimicrobial packaging systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Food Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Active packaging
  • Controlled rate
  • Irradiation dose
  • Trans-cinnamaldehyde

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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