Effect of gel electrolytes on the performance of a minimized flexible micro-supercapacitor based on graphene/PEDOT composite using pen lithography

Hee Uk Lee, Joon Hyung Jin, Seung Wook Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to fabricate a minimized all solid-state micro-supercapacitor (MSC) with a patterned graphene flake (GF)/polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) composite electrode using pen lithography. This MSC demonstrated properties of a suitable gel electrolyte. It involved direct writing of GF/PEDOT composite inks with a layer-by-layer assembly and polymerization method by pen lithography on a very small area (0.38 cm2) without needing complex processing or a cleanroom environment. Furthermore, performances of three different gel electrolytes (PVA/H2SO4, LiClO4, and H3PO4) in the MSC were investigated to obtain an MSC with high power density. Results revealed that GF/PEDOT-MSC with PVA/H2SO4 gel electrolyte demonstrated excellent electrochemical features such as maximum operating potential window (1.2 V), specific capacitance of 37.08 mF cm−2, and energy density of 6.4 mWh cm−2 with extended cycling stability up to capacitance retention rate of 89% after 2500 cycles. This study suggests potential applications of these electrode materials for an easy and scalable fabrication of a wide variety of devices.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Graphite
Graphene
Lithography
Electrolytes
Gels
Composite materials
Capacitance
Electrodes
Ink
Polymerization
Supercapacitor
Fabrication
Processing

Keywords

  • Gel electrolyte
  • Graphene flake
  • Micro-supercapacitor
  • PEDOT
  • Pen lithography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effect of gel electrolytes on the performance of a minimized flexible micro-supercapacitor based on graphene/PEDOT composite using pen lithography",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to fabricate a minimized all solid-state micro-supercapacitor (MSC) with a patterned graphene flake (GF)/polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) composite electrode using pen lithography. This MSC demonstrated properties of a suitable gel electrolyte. It involved direct writing of GF/PEDOT composite inks with a layer-by-layer assembly and polymerization method by pen lithography on a very small area (0.38 cm2) without needing complex processing or a cleanroom environment. Furthermore, performances of three different gel electrolytes (PVA/H2SO4, LiClO4, and H3PO4) in the MSC were investigated to obtain an MSC with high power density. Results revealed that GF/PEDOT-MSC with PVA/H2SO4 gel electrolyte demonstrated excellent electrochemical features such as maximum operating potential window (1.2 V), specific capacitance of 37.08 mF cm−2, and energy density of 6.4 mWh cm−2 with extended cycling stability up to capacitance retention rate of 89{\%} after 2500 cycles. This study suggests potential applications of these electrode materials for an easy and scalable fabrication of a wide variety of devices.",
keywords = "Gel electrolyte, Graphene flake, Micro-supercapacitor, PEDOT, Pen lithography",
author = "Lee, {Hee Uk} and Jin, {Joon Hyung} and Kim, {Seung Wook}",
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AU - Jin, Joon Hyung

AU - Kim, Seung Wook

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N2 - The objective of this study was to fabricate a minimized all solid-state micro-supercapacitor (MSC) with a patterned graphene flake (GF)/polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) composite electrode using pen lithography. This MSC demonstrated properties of a suitable gel electrolyte. It involved direct writing of GF/PEDOT composite inks with a layer-by-layer assembly and polymerization method by pen lithography on a very small area (0.38 cm2) without needing complex processing or a cleanroom environment. Furthermore, performances of three different gel electrolytes (PVA/H2SO4, LiClO4, and H3PO4) in the MSC were investigated to obtain an MSC with high power density. Results revealed that GF/PEDOT-MSC with PVA/H2SO4 gel electrolyte demonstrated excellent electrochemical features such as maximum operating potential window (1.2 V), specific capacitance of 37.08 mF cm−2, and energy density of 6.4 mWh cm−2 with extended cycling stability up to capacitance retention rate of 89% after 2500 cycles. This study suggests potential applications of these electrode materials for an easy and scalable fabrication of a wide variety of devices.

AB - The objective of this study was to fabricate a minimized all solid-state micro-supercapacitor (MSC) with a patterned graphene flake (GF)/polyethylenedioxythiophene (PEDOT) composite electrode using pen lithography. This MSC demonstrated properties of a suitable gel electrolyte. It involved direct writing of GF/PEDOT composite inks with a layer-by-layer assembly and polymerization method by pen lithography on a very small area (0.38 cm2) without needing complex processing or a cleanroom environment. Furthermore, performances of three different gel electrolytes (PVA/H2SO4, LiClO4, and H3PO4) in the MSC were investigated to obtain an MSC with high power density. Results revealed that GF/PEDOT-MSC with PVA/H2SO4 gel electrolyte demonstrated excellent electrochemical features such as maximum operating potential window (1.2 V), specific capacitance of 37.08 mF cm−2, and energy density of 6.4 mWh cm−2 with extended cycling stability up to capacitance retention rate of 89% after 2500 cycles. This study suggests potential applications of these electrode materials for an easy and scalable fabrication of a wide variety of devices.

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KW - Pen lithography

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