Effect of Ground Freezing with Liquid Nitrogen on Freezing Rate and Mechanical Properties of Coastal Clayey Silt

Hyun Jun Choi, Jongmuk Won, Dongseop Lee, Hyobum Lee, Hangseok Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The artificial ground freezing (AGF) method is an environmentally friendly ground improvement technique for numerous geotechnical applications. It can be used in fine-grained soils, which may not be efficiently improved via conventional cement-based ground improvement techniques. However, some of the issues hindering the application of the AGF method to fine-grained soils include inefficiency in achieving the target volume of frozen soil and degradation in mechanical properties of the soil after the freezing-thawing process. In this paper, the freezing rate and degradation in strength and stiffness of a clayey silt in South Korea were investigated using field experiments. At two different outlet temperatures (-180°C and -120°C), liquid nitrogen was injected into the freezing pipe to evaluate the freezing rate. A simple equation to estimate the theoretical radial freezing rate was proposed and compared with the experimental results. In addition, a piezocone penetration test (CPTu) and pressuremeter test (PMT) were performed to assess the degradation in strength and stiffness of the soil after the freezing-thawing process. Results of the CPTu, PMT, and laboratory experiments revealed that the degradation in mechanical properties of Korean clayey silt could be attributed to the rearrangement of soil particles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04021057
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Volume147
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Clayey silt
  • Degradation in mechanical properties
  • Freezing rate
  • Freezing-thawing
  • Liquid nitrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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