Effect of hydrogen plasma pretreatment on the growth of silicon nanowires and their employment as the anode material of lithium secondary batteries

Jung Sub Kim, Dong Jin Byun, Joong Kee Lee

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Silicon nanowires were grown from a silane and argon gas mixture directly on a stainless steel substrate by radio-frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) and used without any further treatment as the anode in the fabrication of lithium ion batteries. It was found that suitable pretreatment of the stainless steel substrate was required for the satisfactory growth of the silicon nanowires. In this study, the substrates were polished, etched in HF solution, coated with an aluminum catalyst layer with a thickness of c.a. 10 nm and then treated with a hydrogen plasma before the growth of the silicon nanowires. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) analyses showed that the grain size and surface roughness were increased after the hydrogen plasma pretreatment. The electrochemical performance of the silicon nanowires anode was also improved when the aluminum coated stainless steel substrate was exposed to the plasma for 20 min or longer; the initial coulombic efficiency was increased from 69.7% to 82% at a current density of 30 mA cm -2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1429-1433
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 5

Fingerprint

Nanowires
storage batteries
Secondary batteries
lithium batteries
hydrogen plasma
Silicon
Lithium
pretreatment
Hydrogen
Stainless Steel
Anodes
Electrodes
anodes
nanowires
Plasmas
stainless steels
Stainless steel
silicon
Substrates
Growth

Keywords

  • Hydrogen Plasma Effect
  • Lithium Secondary Batteries
  • PE-CVD
  • Si Nanowire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Silicon nanowires were grown from a silane and argon gas mixture directly on a stainless steel substrate by radio-frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) and used without any further treatment as the anode in the fabrication of lithium ion batteries. It was found that suitable pretreatment of the stainless steel substrate was required for the satisfactory growth of the silicon nanowires. In this study, the substrates were polished, etched in HF solution, coated with an aluminum catalyst layer with a thickness of c.a. 10 nm and then treated with a hydrogen plasma before the growth of the silicon nanowires. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) analyses showed that the grain size and surface roughness were increased after the hydrogen plasma pretreatment. The electrochemical performance of the silicon nanowires anode was also improved when the aluminum coated stainless steel substrate was exposed to the plasma for 20 min or longer; the initial coulombic efficiency was increased from 69.7{\%} to 82{\%} at a current density of 30 mA cm -2.",
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author = "Kim, {Jung Sub} and Byun, {Dong Jin} and Lee, {Joong Kee}",
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T1 - Effect of hydrogen plasma pretreatment on the growth of silicon nanowires and their employment as the anode material of lithium secondary batteries

AU - Kim, Jung Sub

AU - Byun, Dong Jin

AU - Lee, Joong Kee

PY - 2012/6/5

Y1 - 2012/6/5

N2 - Silicon nanowires were grown from a silane and argon gas mixture directly on a stainless steel substrate by radio-frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) and used without any further treatment as the anode in the fabrication of lithium ion batteries. It was found that suitable pretreatment of the stainless steel substrate was required for the satisfactory growth of the silicon nanowires. In this study, the substrates were polished, etched in HF solution, coated with an aluminum catalyst layer with a thickness of c.a. 10 nm and then treated with a hydrogen plasma before the growth of the silicon nanowires. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) analyses showed that the grain size and surface roughness were increased after the hydrogen plasma pretreatment. The electrochemical performance of the silicon nanowires anode was also improved when the aluminum coated stainless steel substrate was exposed to the plasma for 20 min or longer; the initial coulombic efficiency was increased from 69.7% to 82% at a current density of 30 mA cm -2.

AB - Silicon nanowires were grown from a silane and argon gas mixture directly on a stainless steel substrate by radio-frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (RF-PECVD) and used without any further treatment as the anode in the fabrication of lithium ion batteries. It was found that suitable pretreatment of the stainless steel substrate was required for the satisfactory growth of the silicon nanowires. In this study, the substrates were polished, etched in HF solution, coated with an aluminum catalyst layer with a thickness of c.a. 10 nm and then treated with a hydrogen plasma before the growth of the silicon nanowires. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy) analyses showed that the grain size and surface roughness were increased after the hydrogen plasma pretreatment. The electrochemical performance of the silicon nanowires anode was also improved when the aluminum coated stainless steel substrate was exposed to the plasma for 20 min or longer; the initial coulombic efficiency was increased from 69.7% to 82% at a current density of 30 mA cm -2.

KW - Hydrogen Plasma Effect

KW - Lithium Secondary Batteries

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