Effect of Kañiwa (Chenopodium pallidicaule) Flour Addition on Textural, Physical, and Sensory Properties of Pound cakes

Dasol Kim, Hyeonbin Oh, Young Soon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study we examined the effect of kañiwa flour as gluten-free material on pound cake quality. The wheat flour to make pound cake (control, designated as CON) gradually replaced with different amounts of kañiwa flour (25, 50, 75, and 100%, designated as KF25, KF50, KF75, and KF100, respectively). The incorporation of kañiwa flour in wheat flour significantly affected the physical properties of the batter and the cakes. As the amount of kañiwa flour increased, baking loss, height, and volume reduced. KF100 showed the best textural properties with respect to hardness, fracturability, and chewiness. Regarding the micrograph of crumbs, with increasing content of kañiwa flour, the pore sizes gradually decreased and starch granules on the matrix surface grew larger. The substitution with kañiwa flour resulted in higher amounts of total polyphenols and flavonoids, and a higher value of the reducing power. The sensory evaluation showed that KF25 scored high with respect to texture, sweetness, bitterness, and overall acceptability in comparison to CON. These results suggest that kañiwa is a potential material for developing gluten-free foods.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021178
JournalProgress in Nutrition
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Kañiwa flour
  • Physicochemical property
  • Pound cake
  • Sensory evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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