Effect of Li powder-coated separator on irreversible behavior of SiOx-C anode in lithium-ion batteries

Sun Woo Hwang, Wooyoung Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium powder coatings on anodes have been reported to reduce the irreversible first-cycle capacity loss in silicon monoxide (SiO<inf>x</inf>) anodes. Instead of electrodes, we coated a separator with Li powder to reduce the irreversible capacity. We assembled a SiO<inf>x</inf> anode and Li cobalt oxide (LCO) cathode coin cell (CR2032) with an Li-coated separator in an argon-filled glove box. The charge capacity of the obtained separator in a cell at 0.1 C was 1502.0 mAh g<sup>-1</sup> in the first cycle, while that of an uncoated separator was 1534.3 mAh g<sup>-1</sup>. The former also had a higher discharge capacity than the latter, 1334.2 compared to 1019.3 mAh g <sup>-1</sup>. Using electrochemical analysis it was estimated that the first cycle irreversible capacity loss ratio was 11.2% with the Li coating compared to the 33.6% capacity drop in pure SiO<inf>x</inf> cells. Morphology changes in the Li-coated separator are also observed using a scanning electron microscope. The results indicate that a uniform Li coating on a separator acts as an effective reserve layer, reducing the irreversible first-cycle capacity loss.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume161
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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