Effect of magnesium on preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide on platinum catalyst in hydrogen-rich stream

Sung Ho Cho, Jong Soo Park, Seung Hoon Choi, Sung Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of magnesium on platinum catalyst used for the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell applications are investigated. The CO conversion and selectivity on Pt-Mg/Al2O3 for a H2-rich stream are 93.1 and 62.0%, respectively, but only 70.2 and 46.89% on Pt/Al2O3. The superior activity of Pt-Mg/Al2O3 for the preferential oxidation of CO is due to an increase in the hydroxyl groups that results from an increase in basicity with the addition of Mg, as well as to an increase in the electron density on the surface of the Pt catalyst. Moreover, the content of hydroxyl groups on the Pt catalysts is promoted by water vapour.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume156
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Platinum
Carbon monoxide
carbon monoxide
Magnesium
magnesium
Hydrogen
platinum
catalysts
Hydroxyl Radical
Oxidation
oxidation
Catalysts
hydrogen
Steam
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Alkalinity
Water vapor
fuel cells
Carrier concentration

Keywords

  • Basicity
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Fuel cell
  • Platinum-magnesium catalyst
  • Preferential oxidation
  • Water vapour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Energy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Effect of magnesium on preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide on platinum catalyst in hydrogen-rich stream. / Cho, Sung Ho; Park, Jong Soo; Choi, Seung Hoon; Kim, Sung Hyun.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 156, No. 2, 01.06.2006, p. 260-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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