We investigated the switching behavior of the polyfluorene-derivatives (WPF-oxy-F) with and without metal ions (Ca2+ and Na+). Basic memory behavior (e.g., current-voltage sweep, cumulative probability and retention) was not significantly affected by the metal ions, and the materials displayed an on/off ratio of more than three orders of magnitude, as well as good device-to-device uniformity and >104 s of retention time. However, the threshold voltage of Na-WPF-oxy-F containing Na+ was found to be lower than that of Ca-WPF-oxy-F containing Ca2+, due to the looser binding between the sodium ion and the ethylene oxide unit in Na-WPF-oxy-F. Both Ca-WPF-oxy-F and Na-WPF-oxy-F showed area dependence in the low resistance state, implying that localized current flow is assisted by metal ions. In addition, the response time of Ca- and Na-WPF-oxy-F was faster than that of WPF-oxy-F, suggesting possible modulation of memory performance by the addition of metal ions in the polymer layer.
- Metal ion
- Organic memory device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering