Effect of multi-walled carbon nanotube dispersion on the electrical and rheological properties of poly(propylene carbonate)/poly(lactic acid)/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites

Dong Hyup Park, Tae Gyu Kan, Yun Kyun Lee, Woo Nyon Kim

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the morphological, electrical, and rheological properties of the poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC)/poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composites were investigated. From the results of transmission electron microscopy of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites, the MWCNT preferred to locate more in the PPC phase than in the PLA phase. This maybe due to the lower interfacial tension of the PPC/MWCNT composites compared to that of the PLA/MWCNT composites. The electrical conductivities of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites were higher than those of the PPC/MWCNT and the PLA/MWCNT composites, which was likely due to the selective localization of the MWCNT in the PPC phase (continuous phase). From the results of the complex viscosity of the composites, the ratio of increasing the complex viscosity of the PPC/MWCNT composites with the MWCNT content was higher than that of the PLA/MWCNT composites. This is maybe due to the fact that the MWCNT dispersion in the PPC phase was higher than in the PLA phase. The results from the morphology, electrical conductivity, and complex viscosity of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites suggest that the selective localization of the MWCNT in the PPC phase can improve the conductive path and increase the electrical conductivity of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-488
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Carbon Nanotubes
Lactic acid
Polypropylenes
Carbonates
Carbon nanotubes
Propylene
Composite materials
propylene carbonate
poly(lactic acid)
Viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of multi-walled carbon nanotube dispersion on the electrical and rheological properties of poly(propylene carbonate)/poly(lactic acid)/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites",
abstract = "In this study, the morphological, electrical, and rheological properties of the poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC)/poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composites were investigated. From the results of transmission electron microscopy of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites, the MWCNT preferred to locate more in the PPC phase than in the PLA phase. This maybe due to the lower interfacial tension of the PPC/MWCNT composites compared to that of the PLA/MWCNT composites. The electrical conductivities of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites were higher than those of the PPC/MWCNT and the PLA/MWCNT composites, which was likely due to the selective localization of the MWCNT in the PPC phase (continuous phase). From the results of the complex viscosity of the composites, the ratio of increasing the complex viscosity of the PPC/MWCNT composites with the MWCNT content was higher than that of the PLA/MWCNT composites. This is maybe due to the fact that the MWCNT dispersion in the PPC phase was higher than in the PLA phase. The results from the morphology, electrical conductivity, and complex viscosity of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites suggest that the selective localization of the MWCNT in the PPC phase can improve the conductive path and increase the electrical conductivity of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites.",
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AU - Kim, Woo Nyon

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AB - In this study, the morphological, electrical, and rheological properties of the poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC)/poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composites were investigated. From the results of transmission electron microscopy of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites, the MWCNT preferred to locate more in the PPC phase than in the PLA phase. This maybe due to the lower interfacial tension of the PPC/MWCNT composites compared to that of the PLA/MWCNT composites. The electrical conductivities of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites were higher than those of the PPC/MWCNT and the PLA/MWCNT composites, which was likely due to the selective localization of the MWCNT in the PPC phase (continuous phase). From the results of the complex viscosity of the composites, the ratio of increasing the complex viscosity of the PPC/MWCNT composites with the MWCNT content was higher than that of the PLA/MWCNT composites. This is maybe due to the fact that the MWCNT dispersion in the PPC phase was higher than in the PLA phase. The results from the morphology, electrical conductivity, and complex viscosity of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites suggest that the selective localization of the MWCNT in the PPC phase can improve the conductive path and increase the electrical conductivity of the PPC/PLA/MWCNT composites.

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