Effect of nitrogen levels of two cherry tomato cultivars on development, preference and honeydew production of Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

Mi Kyung Park, Jeong Gyu Kim, Yoo Han Song, Joon Ho Lee, Key il Shin, Kijong Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two cherry tomato plant cultivars (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller, cultivars 'Koko' and 'Pepe') were supplied with high (395 ppm), medium (266 ppm) and low (199 ppm) concentrations of nitrogen to determine the influence of nitrogen fertilization on development, cultivar preference and honeydew production by greenhouse whiteflies, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). The nitrogen, protein, and chlorophyll contents of tomato leaves were higher in the high nitrogen supplied plants than in the medium or low nitrogen supplied plants, but the sugar content showed an inverse relationship. The developmental times of eggs and nymphs decreased as the nitrogen concentrations increased in both cultivars. The preference of T. vaporariorum was compared by counting the number of eggs deposited on leaves in choice and non-choice tests. In the non-choice test, no significant nitrogen treatment effects were observed but the upper plant stratum was preferred for egg laying. In the choice test, there were significant main effects of cultivar and nitrogen concentration. T. vaporariorum laid eggs more on leaves of plants with higher nitrogen at the upper stratum. In both experiments, T. vaporariorum preferred the 'Koko' cultivar to the 'Pepe' cultivar. The honeydew production of T. vaporariorum nymphs increased with decreasing nitrogen treatment concentrations. The largest honeydew production was detected in the 'Pepe' cultivar grown at low nitrogen concentration. It is concluded that cultivar 'Pepe' had an advantage over 'Koko' in term of T. vaporariorum management program in tomato greenhouses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Asia-Pacific Entomology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec

Keywords

  • Chemical contents
  • Choice and non-choice tests
  • Development
  • Honeydew
  • Koko
  • Pepe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science

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