Effect of packing density of lipid vesicles on the Aβ42 fibril polymorphism

Chae Eun Heo, Chae Ri Park, Hugh I. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aggregation of amyloid-β 1–42 (Aβ42) on lipid membranes is closely related to the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Herein, we demonstrated the effect of the packing density of lipid vesicles on the Aβ42 fibrillation kinetics and fibril morphology. We used three distinct phosphatidylcholine (PC) lipids, containing different numbers of cis-double bonds in acyl chains, and therefore, a different packing density in the lipid vesicles. Our results showed that the fibrillation of Aβ42 was greatly enhanced and the formed fibrils became shorter as the number of double bonds in lipids increased. Due to the low-density characteristics of dioleoyl phosphatidylcholine (DOPC), Aβ42 monomers were able to interact with the hydrophobic acyl chain of lipids exposed to the aqueous phase, thereby inducing rapid fibrillation and short fibril morphologies. Furthermore, the effects of the anionic lipids dioleoyl phosphatidylserine (DOPS) and dioleoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DOPG), and mixed vesicles of DOPC/DOPS and DOPC/DOPG on Aβ42 fibrillations were investigated. The tight binding of Aβ42 to the lipid head groups via electrostatic interactions was able to suppress the modulation of Aβ42 fibrillations compared to accelerated fibrillations on loosely packed membranes. Our proposed mechanism regarding the influence of lipid packing density on Aβ42 fibrillations provides an advanced understanding of lipid-associated amyloid fibrillations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105073
JournalChemistry and Physics of Lipids
Volume236
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May

Keywords

  • Amyloid fibrillation
  • Amyloid-β
  • Lipid associated amyloid fibrillation
  • Packing density
  • Phosphatidylcholine
  • Polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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