Effect of penetration rate on cone penetration resistance in saturated clayey soils

Kwangkyun Kim, Monica Prezzi, Rodrigo Salgado, Woojin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the effects of penetration rate on cone resistance in saturated clayey soils are investigated. Shear strength rate effects in clayey soils are related to two physical processes: the increase of shear strength with increasing rate of loading and the increase of shear strength as the process transitions from undrained to drained. Special focus is placed on this second effect. Cone penetration tests were performed at various penetration rates both in the field and in a calibration chamber, and the resulting data were analyzed. The field cone penetration tests were performed at two test sites with fairly homogeneous clayey silt and silty clay layers located below the groundwater table. Additionally, tests with both cone and flat-tip penetrometers in sand-clay mixtures were performed in a calibration chamber to investigate the change in drainage conditions from undrained to partially drained and from partially drained to fully drained. A series of flexible-wall permeameter tests were conducted in the laboratory for various clayey sand mixtures prepared at various mixing ratios in order to obtain values of the coefficient of consolidation, which is required to estimate the penetration rates below which penetration is drained and above which penetration is undrained. A correlation between cone resistance and drainage conditions was established based on the results of the calibration chamber and field penetration tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1142-1153
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Volume134
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug

Keywords

  • Clays
  • Cone penetration tests
  • Penetration Resistance
  • Sand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Environmental Science(all)

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