Effect of polyimide binder on electrochemical characteristics of surface-modified silicon anode for lithium ion batteries

Jung Sub Kim, Wonchang Choi, Kyu Young Cho, Dongjin Byun, Jongchoo Lim, Joong Kee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Si nanostructures with high surface area are prepared by Ag-assisted chemical etching, and then employed as an anode material for lithium ion batteries. The use of the surface-modified Si, which has four times higher surface area than its pristine counterpart, leads to the enhancement of electrochemical performance characteristics such as discharge capacity and coulombic efficiency. In order to optimize the electrode constituents, two different binders, poly-vinylidine difluoride (PVdF) and polyimide (PI), are evaluated on the basis of electrochemical and physical tests. In-situ dilatometer and nano-indentation studies during repeated charging and discharging cycles for the different binders reveal more stability and recuperative capability against physical stress with the PI binder than with the PVdF. The optimized active structure combined with the film-like binder plays an important role in enhancing the electrochemical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-526
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume244
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Binder
  • Lithium ion battery
  • Silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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