The apolipoprotein (apo) B lipoproteins, intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) that contain apo-CIII are associated with coronary heart disease in patients with diabetes mellitus. Apo-CIII is prominent in diabetic dyslipidemia. We studied whether these apo-B lipoprotein types containing apo-CIII in diabetics are reduced by 1 year of pravastatin treatment. We randomly selected 45 age- and gender-matched placebo/pravastatin pairs from diabetic patients in the Cholesterol and Recurrent Events trial, a randomized, double-blinded trial of pravastatin 40 mg monotherapy. Very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and IDL + LDL particles were subdivided based on the presence of apo-E and apo-CIII to yield 3 particle types: E+CIII+, E-CIII+, and E-CIII-. Compared with placebo, pravastatin reduced IDL + LDL apo-B concentrations for E+CIII+, E-CIII+, and E-CIII- by 42% (p = 0.02), 17% (p = 0.7), and 29% (p = 0.002), respectively, commensurate with IDL + LDL cholesterol concentration reductions in the particle types of 29% (p = 0.002), 25% (p = 0.2), and 36% (p <0.0001), respectively. These IDL + LDL CIII+ particles are rich in triglycerides and cholesterol and are likely to be remnant particles of VLDL. Thus, pravastatin reduced potentially atherogenic remnant particles, a prominent component of diabetic dyslipidemia associated with coronary events; these results may contribute to its demonstrated effectiveness in reducing coronary heart disease in diabetics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine