Effect of quenched disorder on phase transitions in the mixed-valence solid solution [FeIII 2FeII 1-xCoII xO(O2CCH3)6(py)3](py)

Ho Gyeom Jang, Kazutoshi Kaji, Michio Sorai, Richard J. Wittebort, Steven J. Geib, Arnold L. Rheingold, David N. Hendrickson

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Abstract

The effect of adding permanently distorted [FeIII 2CoIIO(O2CCH3) 6(py)3](py) (2) complexes to the lattice of the isostructural mixed-valence FeIII 2FeIIO complex 1 to form solid solutions of [FeIIi 2FeII 1-xCoII xO(O2CCH3)6(py)3](py) is examined. Single-crystal 298 K X-ray structures are presented for [Fe3O(O2CCH3)6(py)3](py) (1) and FeIII 2CoIIO complex 2. Both complexes crystallize in the rhombohedral space group R32. Complex 1 has a unit cell with a = 17.558 (7) Å and c = 11.074 (4) Å, where Z = 3. Complex 2 crystallizes with a unit cell of a = 17.583 (6) Å and c = 11.074 (3) Å, with Z = 3. Complex 2 is statically disordered, whereas complex 1 is dynamically disordered at 298 K. In both cases Fe2MO (M = Fe, Co) complexes and pyridine solvate molecules are alternatively stacked along the crystallographic C3 axis. Each Fe2MO and pyridine solvate molecule is at a 32 symmetry site, when the effects of the disorder are considered. Powder XRD data for 1, 2, and the x = 0.5 solid solution (complex 3) show that complex 3 is indeed a solid solution and not just a mixture of crystals of 1 and 2. Adiabatic calorimetry was used to measure the heat capacity at constant pressure, Cp, in the 12-300 K range for a 17.4981-g sample of complex 2 and a 13.6562-g sample of complex 3. For the x = 0.5 solid solution complex 3 three Cp peaks were seen at 84.5, 148.0, and 168.8 K. A single broad Cp peak was seen at 148.5 K for FeIII 2CoII complex 2. This one broad peak gave a total entropy gain for the phase transition of 10.32 J K-1 mol-1, which is close to a value of ΔS = R ln 3 = 9.13 J K-1 mol-1. Solid-state 2H NMR results for randomly oriented polycrystalline and magnetically oriented microcrystalline samples of 2 confirmed that the 148.5 K phase transition for FeIII 2CoII complex 2 is due only to a cooperative onset of motion of the pyridine solvate molecules. The total entropy gain for the x = 0.5 solid solution was calculated to be ΔS = 19.74 J K-1 mol-1. This ΔS value is rationalized in terms of the onset of valence detrapping in the Fe2O complexes and pyridine solvate molecules in the solid-solution complex 3. In agreement with the heat capacity results, 57Fe Mössbauer data for [FeIII 2FeII 1-xCoII xO(O2CCH3)6(py)3](py) show that this solid solution converts from a ferrodistortive phase to a antiferrodistortive phase at ∼85 K, finally to be completely valence detrapped and dynamic in a paradistortive phase at ∼175 K. The FeIII 2CoIIO complexes in the solid-solution complex 3 behave as an unusual type of quenched disorder. They do not serve simply as lattice sites missing a mixed-valence Fe3O complex. Each FeIII 2CoIIO complex is permanently distorted, and due to py⋯py contacts with neighboring trinuclear complexes it acts as an unusual element of disorder that appears to prohibit the appearance of an ordered state at a concentration of FeIII 2CoIIO complex below that predicted by percolation theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3547-3556
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume29
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1990 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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    Jang, H. G., Kaji, K., Sorai, M., Wittebort, R. J., Geib, S. J., Rheingold, A. L., & Hendrickson, D. N. (1990). Effect of quenched disorder on phase transitions in the mixed-valence solid solution [FeIII 2FeII 1-xCoII xO(O2CCH3)6(py)3](py). Inorganic Chemistry, 29(18), 3547-3556.