Effect of reaction temperature on the performance of thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction process for simultaneous production of fuel cell grade H 2 and compressed CO2 from synthesis gas

Michael Beaver, Ki Bong Lee, Shivaji Sircar, Hugo Caram

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A novel cyclic thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction (TSSER) process concept was recently proposed for simultaneous production of fuel-cell grade H2 and compressed CO2 from a synthesis gas containing CO and H2O [1, 2]. The process carried out the catalytic water gas shift (WGS) reaction (CO + H2O - CO2 + H2 with simultaneous removal of CO2 from the reaction zone by a reversible, hydrophobic, CO2 selective chemisorbent in order to circumvent the thermodynamic limitation of the WGS reaction and enhance the rate of the forward reaction. The chemisorbent was periodically regenerated using the principles of thermal swing adsorption by purging the sorber-reactor with super heated steam at different pressures and temperatures. Several intermediate process steps were employed to produce a pure and compressed CO2 by product during the thermal desorption process. The present work reports (a) new experimental data demonstrating the concept of sorption enhanced WGS reaction at different temperatures using a commercial WGS catalyst and Na2O promoted alumina as the CO2 chemisorbent, and (b) the effect of the sorption-reaction temperature on the TSSER process performance estimated by model simulation. Relatively slower kinetics of the sorption-enhanced WGS reaction imposes a lower bound (̃ 200°C), while the thermal stability of the chemisorbent and the use of carbon steel sorber-reactors sets the upper bound (̃ 550°C) of temperatures for practical operation of the TSSER process. Simulated process performances (sorption-reaction at 200 and 400 C, and regeneration at 550°C) show that the operation of the sorption-reaction step at 200 C increases the H2 and CO2 productivities of the process by, respectively, ̃38% and 35% without changing the (a) moles of H2 produced per mole of CO in the feed gas, and (b) net CO 2 recovery as a compressed by-product gas. The total steam duty for the sorbent regeneration increases by ̃ 14% for the lower sorption-reaction temperature operation. Another major benefit of the lower reaction temperature operation was a very large increase in the pressure of the CO2 by- product (e.g. 40 and 21 bars at, respectively, 200 and 400°C) when the reactor feed gas contained 20% CO + 80% H2O at a total pressure of 15 bar.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
Event25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: 2008 Sep 292008 Oct 2

Other

Other25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period08/9/2908/10/2

Fingerprint

Synthesis gas
Sorption
Fuel cells
Water gas shift
Temperature
Byproducts
Steam
Gases
Hot Temperature
Purging
Thermal desorption
Sorbents
Carbon steel
Thermodynamic stability
Alumina
Productivity
Thermodynamics
Adsorption
Recovery
Catalysts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Effect of reaction temperature on the performance of thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction process for simultaneous production of fuel cell grade H 2 and compressed CO2 from synthesis gas. / Beaver, Michael; Lee, Ki Bong; Sircar, Shivaji; Caram, Hugo.

25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Proceedings. 2008.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Beaver, M, Lee, KB, Sircar, S & Caram, H 2008, Effect of reaction temperature on the performance of thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction process for simultaneous production of fuel cell grade H 2 and compressed CO2 from synthesis gas. in 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Proceedings. 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC, Pittsburgh, PA, United States, 08/9/29.
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abstract = "A novel cyclic thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction (TSSER) process concept was recently proposed for simultaneous production of fuel-cell grade H2 and compressed CO2 from a synthesis gas containing CO and H2O [1, 2]. The process carried out the catalytic water gas shift (WGS) reaction (CO + H2O - CO2 + H2 with simultaneous removal of CO2 from the reaction zone by a reversible, hydrophobic, CO2 selective chemisorbent in order to circumvent the thermodynamic limitation of the WGS reaction and enhance the rate of the forward reaction. The chemisorbent was periodically regenerated using the principles of thermal swing adsorption by purging the sorber-reactor with super heated steam at different pressures and temperatures. Several intermediate process steps were employed to produce a pure and compressed CO2 by product during the thermal desorption process. The present work reports (a) new experimental data demonstrating the concept of sorption enhanced WGS reaction at different temperatures using a commercial WGS catalyst and Na2O promoted alumina as the CO2 chemisorbent, and (b) the effect of the sorption-reaction temperature on the TSSER process performance estimated by model simulation. Relatively slower kinetics of the sorption-enhanced WGS reaction imposes a lower bound (̃ 200°C), while the thermal stability of the chemisorbent and the use of carbon steel sorber-reactors sets the upper bound (̃ 550°C) of temperatures for practical operation of the TSSER process. Simulated process performances (sorption-reaction at 200 and 400 C, and regeneration at 550°C) show that the operation of the sorption-reaction step at 200 C increases the H2 and CO2 productivities of the process by, respectively, ̃38{\%} and 35{\%} without changing the (a) moles of H2 produced per mole of CO in the feed gas, and (b) net CO 2 recovery as a compressed by-product gas. The total steam duty for the sorbent regeneration increases by ̃ 14{\%} for the lower sorption-reaction temperature operation. Another major benefit of the lower reaction temperature operation was a very large increase in the pressure of the CO2 by- product (e.g. 40 and 21 bars at, respectively, 200 and 400°C) when the reactor feed gas contained 20{\%} CO + 80{\%} H2O at a total pressure of 15 bar.",
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AU - Caram, Hugo

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N2 - A novel cyclic thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction (TSSER) process concept was recently proposed for simultaneous production of fuel-cell grade H2 and compressed CO2 from a synthesis gas containing CO and H2O [1, 2]. The process carried out the catalytic water gas shift (WGS) reaction (CO + H2O - CO2 + H2 with simultaneous removal of CO2 from the reaction zone by a reversible, hydrophobic, CO2 selective chemisorbent in order to circumvent the thermodynamic limitation of the WGS reaction and enhance the rate of the forward reaction. The chemisorbent was periodically regenerated using the principles of thermal swing adsorption by purging the sorber-reactor with super heated steam at different pressures and temperatures. Several intermediate process steps were employed to produce a pure and compressed CO2 by product during the thermal desorption process. The present work reports (a) new experimental data demonstrating the concept of sorption enhanced WGS reaction at different temperatures using a commercial WGS catalyst and Na2O promoted alumina as the CO2 chemisorbent, and (b) the effect of the sorption-reaction temperature on the TSSER process performance estimated by model simulation. Relatively slower kinetics of the sorption-enhanced WGS reaction imposes a lower bound (̃ 200°C), while the thermal stability of the chemisorbent and the use of carbon steel sorber-reactors sets the upper bound (̃ 550°C) of temperatures for practical operation of the TSSER process. Simulated process performances (sorption-reaction at 200 and 400 C, and regeneration at 550°C) show that the operation of the sorption-reaction step at 200 C increases the H2 and CO2 productivities of the process by, respectively, ̃38% and 35% without changing the (a) moles of H2 produced per mole of CO in the feed gas, and (b) net CO 2 recovery as a compressed by-product gas. The total steam duty for the sorbent regeneration increases by ̃ 14% for the lower sorption-reaction temperature operation. Another major benefit of the lower reaction temperature operation was a very large increase in the pressure of the CO2 by- product (e.g. 40 and 21 bars at, respectively, 200 and 400°C) when the reactor feed gas contained 20% CO + 80% H2O at a total pressure of 15 bar.

AB - A novel cyclic thermal swing sorption enhanced reaction (TSSER) process concept was recently proposed for simultaneous production of fuel-cell grade H2 and compressed CO2 from a synthesis gas containing CO and H2O [1, 2]. The process carried out the catalytic water gas shift (WGS) reaction (CO + H2O - CO2 + H2 with simultaneous removal of CO2 from the reaction zone by a reversible, hydrophobic, CO2 selective chemisorbent in order to circumvent the thermodynamic limitation of the WGS reaction and enhance the rate of the forward reaction. The chemisorbent was periodically regenerated using the principles of thermal swing adsorption by purging the sorber-reactor with super heated steam at different pressures and temperatures. Several intermediate process steps were employed to produce a pure and compressed CO2 by product during the thermal desorption process. The present work reports (a) new experimental data demonstrating the concept of sorption enhanced WGS reaction at different temperatures using a commercial WGS catalyst and Na2O promoted alumina as the CO2 chemisorbent, and (b) the effect of the sorption-reaction temperature on the TSSER process performance estimated by model simulation. Relatively slower kinetics of the sorption-enhanced WGS reaction imposes a lower bound (̃ 200°C), while the thermal stability of the chemisorbent and the use of carbon steel sorber-reactors sets the upper bound (̃ 550°C) of temperatures for practical operation of the TSSER process. Simulated process performances (sorption-reaction at 200 and 400 C, and regeneration at 550°C) show that the operation of the sorption-reaction step at 200 C increases the H2 and CO2 productivities of the process by, respectively, ̃38% and 35% without changing the (a) moles of H2 produced per mole of CO in the feed gas, and (b) net CO 2 recovery as a compressed by-product gas. The total steam duty for the sorbent regeneration increases by ̃ 14% for the lower sorption-reaction temperature operation. Another major benefit of the lower reaction temperature operation was a very large increase in the pressure of the CO2 by- product (e.g. 40 and 21 bars at, respectively, 200 and 400°C) when the reactor feed gas contained 20% CO + 80% H2O at a total pressure of 15 bar.

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