Effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein in right lobe living donor liver transplant recipients

Soo Lee Seung, Won Kim Kyoung, Beomjin Park, Moon Shin Yong, Nyun Kim Pyo, Moon Gyu Lee, Gyu Lee Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein (RHV) in right lobe living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients. Methods. A spectral Doppler wave of the RHV was obtained from 23 consecutive right lobe LDLT recipients who had no complications and from 26 healthy subjects during free breathing, breath holding at expiration, and breath holding at inspiration. To assess the RHV flow quantitatively, the venous periodicity index (VPI) was calculated as follows: VPI = (VF - VR)/VF, where VF was the measured peak forward velocity, and VR was the measured peak reversed velocity. The mean VPIs of the RHV obtained in the 3 respiratory states were compared by repeated measures analysis of variance. Spectral Doppler waves of the RHV were categorized as triphasic with or without reversed flow, biphasic, or monóphasic and were compared among the 3 respiratory states. Results. In both right lobe LDLT recipients and healthy subjects, the mean VPIs of the RHV obtained during breath holding at inspiration were significantly lower than those during free breathing (P < .001) and breath holding at expiration (P < .001). The wave pattern during breath holding at inspiration was monophasic in 7 (30.4%) right lobe LDLT recipients and 3 (11.5%) healthy subjects, whereas the monophasic pattern was not seen during free breathing or breath holding at expiration in any of these subjects. Conclusions. Breath holding at inspiration significantly reduces the periodicity of RHV flow and can make otherwise pulsatile RHV flow monophasic in right lobe LDLT recipients without postoperative complications as well as in healthy individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1723-1733
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume26
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1

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Breath Holding
Hepatic Veins
Living Donors
Respiration
Liver
Periodicity
Healthy Volunteers
Transplant Recipients
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Doppler sonography
  • Hepatic veins
  • Liver transplantation
  • Sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein in right lobe living donor liver transplant recipients. / Seung, Soo Lee; Kyoung, Won Kim; Park, Beomjin; Yong, Moon Shin; Pyo, Nyun Kim; Lee, Moon Gyu; Sung, Gyu Lee.

In: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 12, 01.01.2007, p. 1723-1733.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Seung, Soo Lee ; Kyoung, Won Kim ; Park, Beomjin ; Yong, Moon Shin ; Pyo, Nyun Kim ; Lee, Moon Gyu ; Sung, Gyu Lee. / Effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein in right lobe living donor liver transplant recipients. In: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2007 ; Vol. 26, No. 12. pp. 1723-1733.
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abstract = "Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein (RHV) in right lobe living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients. Methods. A spectral Doppler wave of the RHV was obtained from 23 consecutive right lobe LDLT recipients who had no complications and from 26 healthy subjects during free breathing, breath holding at expiration, and breath holding at inspiration. To assess the RHV flow quantitatively, the venous periodicity index (VPI) was calculated as follows: VPI = (VF - VR)/VF, where VF was the measured peak forward velocity, and VR was the measured peak reversed velocity. The mean VPIs of the RHV obtained in the 3 respiratory states were compared by repeated measures analysis of variance. Spectral Doppler waves of the RHV were categorized as triphasic with or without reversed flow, biphasic, or mon{\'o}phasic and were compared among the 3 respiratory states. Results. In both right lobe LDLT recipients and healthy subjects, the mean VPIs of the RHV obtained during breath holding at inspiration were significantly lower than those during free breathing (P < .001) and breath holding at expiration (P < .001). The wave pattern during breath holding at inspiration was monophasic in 7 (30.4{\%}) right lobe LDLT recipients and 3 (11.5{\%}) healthy subjects, whereas the monophasic pattern was not seen during free breathing or breath holding at expiration in any of these subjects. Conclusions. Breath holding at inspiration significantly reduces the periodicity of RHV flow and can make otherwise pulsatile RHV flow monophasic in right lobe LDLT recipients without postoperative complications as well as in healthy individuals.",
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AU - Lee, Moon Gyu

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N2 - Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein (RHV) in right lobe living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients. Methods. A spectral Doppler wave of the RHV was obtained from 23 consecutive right lobe LDLT recipients who had no complications and from 26 healthy subjects during free breathing, breath holding at expiration, and breath holding at inspiration. To assess the RHV flow quantitatively, the venous periodicity index (VPI) was calculated as follows: VPI = (VF - VR)/VF, where VF was the measured peak forward velocity, and VR was the measured peak reversed velocity. The mean VPIs of the RHV obtained in the 3 respiratory states were compared by repeated measures analysis of variance. Spectral Doppler waves of the RHV were categorized as triphasic with or without reversed flow, biphasic, or monóphasic and were compared among the 3 respiratory states. Results. In both right lobe LDLT recipients and healthy subjects, the mean VPIs of the RHV obtained during breath holding at inspiration were significantly lower than those during free breathing (P < .001) and breath holding at expiration (P < .001). The wave pattern during breath holding at inspiration was monophasic in 7 (30.4%) right lobe LDLT recipients and 3 (11.5%) healthy subjects, whereas the monophasic pattern was not seen during free breathing or breath holding at expiration in any of these subjects. Conclusions. Breath holding at inspiration significantly reduces the periodicity of RHV flow and can make otherwise pulsatile RHV flow monophasic in right lobe LDLT recipients without postoperative complications as well as in healthy individuals.

AB - Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of respiration on the spectral Doppler wave of the right hepatic vein (RHV) in right lobe living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients. Methods. A spectral Doppler wave of the RHV was obtained from 23 consecutive right lobe LDLT recipients who had no complications and from 26 healthy subjects during free breathing, breath holding at expiration, and breath holding at inspiration. To assess the RHV flow quantitatively, the venous periodicity index (VPI) was calculated as follows: VPI = (VF - VR)/VF, where VF was the measured peak forward velocity, and VR was the measured peak reversed velocity. The mean VPIs of the RHV obtained in the 3 respiratory states were compared by repeated measures analysis of variance. Spectral Doppler waves of the RHV were categorized as triphasic with or without reversed flow, biphasic, or monóphasic and were compared among the 3 respiratory states. Results. In both right lobe LDLT recipients and healthy subjects, the mean VPIs of the RHV obtained during breath holding at inspiration were significantly lower than those during free breathing (P < .001) and breath holding at expiration (P < .001). The wave pattern during breath holding at inspiration was monophasic in 7 (30.4%) right lobe LDLT recipients and 3 (11.5%) healthy subjects, whereas the monophasic pattern was not seen during free breathing or breath holding at expiration in any of these subjects. Conclusions. Breath holding at inspiration significantly reduces the periodicity of RHV flow and can make otherwise pulsatile RHV flow monophasic in right lobe LDLT recipients without postoperative complications as well as in healthy individuals.

KW - Doppler sonography

KW - Hepatic veins

KW - Liver transplantation

KW - Sonography

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