The authors studied the effect of rifampin, a dual inducer of CYP3A and P-glycoprotein, on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of risperidone in humans. Ten healthy male subjects were treated daily for 7 days with 600 mg rifampin or with placebo. On day 6, a single dose of 1 mg risperidone was administered. Plasma risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone concentrations were measured. Rifampin significantly decreased the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve by 51% for risperidone, by 43% for 9- hydroxyrisperidone, and by 45% for the active moieties (risperidone + 9-hydroxyrisperidone). Rifampin also decreased the peak plasma concentration of risperidone by 38%, 9-hydroxyrisperidone by 46%, and the active moieties by 41%. The apparent oral clearance of risperidone approximately doubled after rifampin treatment. Thus, rifampin reduced the exposure to risperidone, probably because of a decrease in its bioavailability through the induction of CYP3A and probably P-glycoprotein.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Jan|
- Cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A)
- Drug interaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)