Effect of Rubidium Incorporation on the Structural, Electrical, and Photovoltaic Properties of Methylammonium Lead Iodide-Based Perovskite Solar Cells

Ik Jae Park, Seongrok Seo, Min Ah Park, Sangwook Lee, Dong Hoe Kim, Kai Zhu, Hyunjung Shin, Jin Young Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the electrical properties of rubidium-incorporated methylammonium lead iodide ((RbxMA1-x)PbI3) films and the photovoltaic performance of (RbxMA1-x)PbI3 film-based p-i-n-type perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The incorporation of a small amount of Rb+ (x = 0.05) increases both the open circuit voltage (Voc) and the short circuit photocurrent density (Jsc) of the PSCs, leading to an improved power conversion efficiency (PCE). However, a high fraction of Rb+ incorporation (x = 0.1 and 0.2) decreases the Jsc and thus the PCE, which is attributed to the phase segregation of the single tetragonal perovskite phase to a MA-rich tetragonal perovskite phase and a RbPbI3 orthorhombic phase at high Rb fractions. Conductive atomic force microscopic and admittance spectroscopic analyses reveal that the single-phase (Rb0.05MA0.95)PbI3 film has a high electrical conductivity because of a reduced deep-level trap density. We also found that Rb substitution enhances the diode characteristics of the PSC, as evidenced by the reduced reverse saturation current (J0). The optimized (RbxMA1-x)PbI3 PSCs exhibited a PCE of 18.8% with negligible hysteresis in the photocurrent-voltage curve. The results from this work enhance the understanding of the effect of Rb incorporation into organic-inorganic hybrid halide perovskites and enable the exploration of Rb-incorporated mixed perovskites for various applications, such as solar cells, photodetectors, and light-emitting diodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41898-41905
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 6
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • conductivity
  • methylammonium lead halides
  • rubidium
  • solar cells
  • trap density of states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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