Effect of salinity on acute copper and zinc toxicity to Tigriopus japonicus: The difference between metal ions and nanoparticles

Junbeom Park, Soyoun Kim, Jisu Yoo, Jae Seong Lee, June Woo Park, Jinho Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effects of salinity (5‰, 15‰, 25‰ and 35‰) on metal ion (Cu and Zn) and nanoparticle (NP) CuO and ZnO toxicity to Tigriopus japonicus. Increasing the test media volume without renewal increased the 96-h LC50 for Cu (32.75 mg L-1) compared to the reported value (3.9 mg L-1). There was no significant difference in acute toxicity at different salinities between acclimated and unacclimated T. japonicus (p>0.05). Increasing salinity decreased the dissolved concentrations of Cu and Zn ions due to the precipitation of the metal ions, consequently reducing the acute toxicity to T. japonicus. The effect of salinity on acute CuO and ZnO NP toxicity was similar to that on metal ion toxicity. Since the aggregation of NPs generally enhanced at higher salinities, both the dissolution and aggregation of CuO and ZnO NPs may control the effect of salinity on acute toxicity to T. japonicus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-531
Number of pages6
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography
  • Pollution

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