Effect of starter feeding program on growth performance and gains of body components from weaning to market weight in swine

K. Y. Whang, F. K. McKeith, S. W. Kim, R. A. Easter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that different starter feeding programs (High, high quality; Low, low quality) will affect growth performance and body composition of pigs from weaning to market weight and that this effect may be influenced by gender (barrows or gilts) and breed (F, Yorkshire-Duroc × Hampshire; P, PIC Camborough 15 × PIC line 405). In Exp. 1, 21 ± 4-d-weaned F pigs (n = 90) were used in a 2 (High or Low) × 2 (barrows or gilts) factorial design. In Exp. 2, 21 ± 3-d-weaned pigs (n = 184) were used in a 2 (F or P) × 2 (High or Low) × 2 (barrows or gilts) factorial design. In Exp. 3, 21 F pigs from each gender and feeding program treatment were killed at d 0, 3, 7, 14, 42, 82, or 152 postweaning for evaluating body composition. Two starter feeding programs (High or Low) were applied to pigs for 6 wk postweaning. Pigs from both High and Low treatments were provided the same corn-soybean meal-based diets for the growing and finishing periods. Although the ADG of all pigs receiving the High treatment during the early starter period were higher (P < .01) than those of the Low, the terminal BW of F barrows were similar between High and Low (Exp. 1 and 2) and those of gilts were similar between High and Low (Exp. 2) (P > .80). However, the BW of P pigs receiving the High treatment, regardless of gender, tended to be heavier than those receiving the Low (Exp. 2) and F barrows receiving the High treatment tended to be heavier than those receiving the Low (Exp. 1). For the first 7 d postweaning, the High-fed pigs gained more protein (P < .05) and lost less fat (P < .05) than Low-fed pigs. During the growing-finishing period, the Low-fed pigs exhibited compensatory protein gain and achieved a body protein content similar (P < .60) to High-fed pigs by termination. Protein gains from weaning to termination between High- and Low-fed pigs were not different in Exp. 2 and 3. The protein gain of gilts was higher (P < .05) than that of barrows. Similarly, fat gain within genders was not affected by starter feeding program. Fat gain of gilts, however, was lower (P < .08) than that of barrows in Exp. 3. In conclusion, the nutritional quality of the starter feeding program affected growth performance immediately after weaning but did not affect protein gain over the entire production period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2885-2895
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume78
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Nov

Keywords

  • Body Composition
  • Body Protein
  • Feed Rations
  • Growth Rate
  • Pigs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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