Effect of structural changes on the microwave dielectric properties of Ba(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics

Si Yoon Noh, Myong Jae Yoo, Sahn Nahm, Chang Hak Choi, Hyun Min Park, Hwack Joo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The microstructure and microwave dielectric properties of Ba(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BZN) ceramics have been investigated. BZN has a 1 : 2 ordered hexagonal structure, and the degree of 1 : 2 ordering decreased with increasing sintering temperature. Liquid phase was found for the BZN sintered at more than 1350°C, the evaporation of ZnO was responsible for the formation of liquid phase. BaNb6O16 second phase was also found for the specimens sintered at more than 1350°C and the liquid phase is considered to have a composition close to that of BaNb6O16 second phase. The Q-value of BZN was increased with increasing sintering temperature and BZN sintered at 1400°C for 6 h has the maximum Q-value. Since the 1 : 2 ordering decreased with the sintering temperature, the enhancement of Q-value is not related to the 1 : 2 ordering. The increase of the average grain size could be responsible for the increase of the Q-value, and the relative density also influenced the Q-value. BZN ceramics were sintered for various times at 1400°C and 1300°C and the variation of Q-value was explained in terms of the grain size and the relative density.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2978-2981
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number5 A
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May


  • 1 : 2 ordering
  • Ba(ZnNb)O ceramics
  • Microstructure
  • Microwave dielectric properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of structural changes on the microwave dielectric properties of Ba(Zn<sub>1/3</sub>Nb<sub>2/3</sub>)O<sub>3</sub> ceramics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this