Background/aim: Sugammadex, which offsets the effects of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBs), has advantages over traditional reversal agents like pyridostigmine, as it enables fast and reliable recovery from neuromuscular blockade. This study compared the incidence of early postoperative chest radiographic abnormalities (CRA) between sugammadex (group S) and pyridostigmine (group P) following video-assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) lobectomy for lung cancer. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis by reviewing the medical records of patients who underwent VAT lobectomy at a single university medical center. We defined the early postoperative CRA as a characteristic appearance on chest radiograph up to 2 days after surgery. Arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA), surgical time, anaesthesia time, extubation time, and the total dose of rocuronium were analysed. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and pain scores were observed until 2 days after surgery. Results: A total of 257 patients underwent VAT lobectomy during the study period; 159 were included in the final analysis. Ninety patients received sugammadex while 69 received pyridostigmine. The incidence of early postoperative atelectasis was significantly lower in group S than in group P (26.7%, 95% CI: 17.5%‒35.8% and 43.5%, 95% CI: 31.8%‒55.2%, respectively, P = 0.013). The median dose of rocuronium was higher in group S than in group P (120 mg vs. 90 mg, P < 0.001). ABGA, extubation time, and PONV were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Sugammadex decreased the incidence of CRA in the early postoperative period despite higher NMB consumption.
- Postoperative complications
- Thoracic radiography
- Video-assisted thoracic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas