Effect of surface area and crystallite size on luminescent intensity of Y2O3:Eu phosphor prepared by spray pyrolysis

Kyeong Youl Jung, Chang Hee Lee, Yun Chan Kang

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The luminescent intensity of Y2O3:Eu phosphor prepared by spray pyrolysis was monitored as a function of the surface area and crystallite size. In order to control the surface area or the crystallite size, some organic additives and flux materials were introduced in the spray solution. The reduction of surface area, which was achieved by only controlling the quantity of the organic additive, was found to be helpful for the improvement of luminescent intensity of Y2O3:Eu particles. The addition of Li2CO3 flux to the spray solution with the organic additive of 0.3 M enlarged the surface area of Y2O3:Eu particles as a consequence of the reduction of particle size. Then, the increase of surface area did not lower the luminescent intensity of Y2O 3:Eu phosphor particles since the added Li2CO3 flux increased the crystallinity, simultaneously. It was found that the Y 2O3 particles with larger crystallite size had higher photoluminescence regardless of the surface area. Therefore, we concluded that the crystallinity is more important factor than the surface area and increasing the crystallite size is essentially needed to enhance the luminescent intensity of Y2O3 phosphor prepared by spray pyrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2451-2456
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number19-20
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Crystallinity
  • Phosphor
  • Spherical shape
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Surface area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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