Effect of tempering conditions on adiabatic shear banding during dynamic compression and ballistic impact tests of ultra-high-strength armor steel

Min Cheol Jo, Selim Kim, Dong Woo Suh, Sung Suk Hong, Hong Kyu Kim, Seok Su Sohn, Sunghak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, roles of strain-hardening rate on susceptibility of adiabatic shear band (ASB) formation and subsequent cracking were investigated in two ultra-high-strength armor steel plates heat-treated differently. The quenched and tempered steel contained ~2% of retained austenite in the tempered martensitic matrix, while the quenched and austempered steel contained ~4% retained austenite in the bainitic matrix partly with the tempered martensite. The actual ballistic impact test results revealed the lower sensitivity of ASB formation in the austempered steel than in the tempered steel, which corresponded well to the higher critical strain for ASB formation in the dynamic compressive test using a laboratory-scale split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). The austempered steel caused the higher internal stress among various constituents, and all the retained austenite transformed into martensite during the deformation, thereby leading to transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) effect. The higher strain-hardening rate induced by these higher internal stress and TRIP effect increased resistance to ASB formation, which was confirmed by a calculation of ASB susceptibility. Thus, the austempered steel was much less susceptible to the ASB formation during the ultra-high-speed deformation. Consequently, the increased resistance to ASB formation retarded the initiation and propagation of ASBs and cracks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139818
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume792
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 5

Keywords

  • Adiabatic shear band (ASB)
  • Ballistic impact
  • Split hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB)
  • Strain-hardening rate
  • Tempering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of tempering conditions on adiabatic shear banding during dynamic compression and ballistic impact tests of ultra-high-strength armor steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this