Effect of topogram-tube angle combination on CT radiation dose reduction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study assessed the ability of various types of topograms, when used with an automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) technique, to reduce radiation dose from computed tomography (CT) scans. Three types of topograms were used with the ATCM technique: (i) anteroposterior (AP) topograms alone, (ii) AP topograms followed by lateral topograms, and (iii) lateral topograms followed by AP topograms. Various regions (chest, abdomen and whole-body) of a humanoid phantom were scanned at several tube voltages (80, 100 and 120 kVp) with the selected topograms. Although the CT dose depended on the order of topograms, the CT dose with respect to patient positioning depended on the number of topograms performed. The magnitude of the difference in CT dose between number and order of topograms was greater for the scans of the abdomen than the chest. These results suggest that, for the Siemens SOMATOM Definition AS CT scanner, choosing the right combination of CT scan conditions with the ATCM technique can minimize radiation dose to a patient.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberT09003
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 22

Fingerprint

Computed Tomography
Dosimetry
Tomography
Dose
Tube
tomography
Radiation
tubes
Angle
dosage
radiation
abdomen
Modulation
chest
modulation
Lateral
Phantom
Scanner
scanners
positioning

Keywords

  • Computerized Tomography (CT) and Computed Radiography (CR)
  • Radiation calculations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Effect of topogram-tube angle combination on CT radiation dose reduction. / Shim, J.; Yoon, Myonggeun.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, Vol. 12, No. 9, T09003, 22.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ab2ca8b08e37456f966847bec3923663,
title = "Effect of topogram-tube angle combination on CT radiation dose reduction",
abstract = "This study assessed the ability of various types of topograms, when used with an automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) technique, to reduce radiation dose from computed tomography (CT) scans. Three types of topograms were used with the ATCM technique: (i) anteroposterior (AP) topograms alone, (ii) AP topograms followed by lateral topograms, and (iii) lateral topograms followed by AP topograms. Various regions (chest, abdomen and whole-body) of a humanoid phantom were scanned at several tube voltages (80, 100 and 120 kVp) with the selected topograms. Although the CT dose depended on the order of topograms, the CT dose with respect to patient positioning depended on the number of topograms performed. The magnitude of the difference in CT dose between number and order of topograms was greater for the scans of the abdomen than the chest. These results suggest that, for the Siemens SOMATOM Definition AS CT scanner, choosing the right combination of CT scan conditions with the ATCM technique can minimize radiation dose to a patient.",
keywords = "Computerized Tomography (CT) and Computed Radiography (CR), Radiation calculations",
author = "J. Shim and Myonggeun Yoon",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/T09003",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Journal of Instrumentation",
issn = "1748-0221",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of topogram-tube angle combination on CT radiation dose reduction

AU - Shim, J.

AU - Yoon, Myonggeun

PY - 2017/9/22

Y1 - 2017/9/22

N2 - This study assessed the ability of various types of topograms, when used with an automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) technique, to reduce radiation dose from computed tomography (CT) scans. Three types of topograms were used with the ATCM technique: (i) anteroposterior (AP) topograms alone, (ii) AP topograms followed by lateral topograms, and (iii) lateral topograms followed by AP topograms. Various regions (chest, abdomen and whole-body) of a humanoid phantom were scanned at several tube voltages (80, 100 and 120 kVp) with the selected topograms. Although the CT dose depended on the order of topograms, the CT dose with respect to patient positioning depended on the number of topograms performed. The magnitude of the difference in CT dose between number and order of topograms was greater for the scans of the abdomen than the chest. These results suggest that, for the Siemens SOMATOM Definition AS CT scanner, choosing the right combination of CT scan conditions with the ATCM technique can minimize radiation dose to a patient.

AB - This study assessed the ability of various types of topograms, when used with an automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) technique, to reduce radiation dose from computed tomography (CT) scans. Three types of topograms were used with the ATCM technique: (i) anteroposterior (AP) topograms alone, (ii) AP topograms followed by lateral topograms, and (iii) lateral topograms followed by AP topograms. Various regions (chest, abdomen and whole-body) of a humanoid phantom were scanned at several tube voltages (80, 100 and 120 kVp) with the selected topograms. Although the CT dose depended on the order of topograms, the CT dose with respect to patient positioning depended on the number of topograms performed. The magnitude of the difference in CT dose between number and order of topograms was greater for the scans of the abdomen than the chest. These results suggest that, for the Siemens SOMATOM Definition AS CT scanner, choosing the right combination of CT scan conditions with the ATCM technique can minimize radiation dose to a patient.

KW - Computerized Tomography (CT) and Computed Radiography (CR)

KW - Radiation calculations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031036697&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031036697&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/T09003

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/12/09/T09003

M3 - Article

VL - 12

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

IS - 9

M1 - T09003

ER -