Effect of various amendments on heavy mineral oil bioremediation and soil microbial activity

Sang Hwan Lee, Bang I. Oh, Jeong-Gyu Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To examine the effects of amendments on the degradation of heavy mineral oil, we conducted a pilot-scale experiment in the field for 105 days. During the experiment, soil samples were collected and analyzed periodically to determine the amount of residual hydrocarbons and evaluate the effects of the amendments on microbial activity. After 105 days, the initial level of contamination (7490 ± 480 mg hydrocarbon kg-1 soil) was reduced by 18-40% in amended soils, whereas it was only reduced by 9% in nonamended soil. Heavy mineral oil degradation was much faster and more complete in compost-amended soil than in hay-, sawdust-, and mineral nutrient-amended soils. The enhanced degradation of heavy mineral oil in compost-amended soil may be a result of the significantly higher microbial activity in this soil. Among the studied microbial parameters, soil dehydrogenase, lipase, and urease activities were strongly and negatively correlated with heavy mineral oil biodegradation (P < 0.01) in compost-amended soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2578-2587
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume99
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May 1

Keywords

  • Amendments
  • Biodegradation
  • Bioremediation
  • Heavy mineral oil
  • Microbial activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Bioengineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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