Effective deoxidation process of titanium scrap using mgcl2 molten salt electrolytic

Namhun Kwon, Jong Soo Byeon, Hyun Chul Kim, Sung Gue Heo, Soong Ju Oh, Sang Hoon Choi, Seok Jun Seo, Kyoung Tae Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To overcome the scarcity and resource limitations of Ti metal, deoxidation of Ti scrap was conducted through electrolytic refining and chemical reaction with MgCl2 molten salt electrolysis. The oxygen concentration in Ti scraps was decreased by the electrochemical and chemical reactions generated by the applied voltages. The optimized conditions for the process were derived by controlling the conditions and parameters by decreasing the thermodynamic activity of the reactants. The correlation between the deoxidation efficiency and the behavior of the voltage and current was confirmed by setting the conditions of the electrolysis process in various voltage ranges. In addition, the correlation between the presence of impurities and the measured oxygen concentration was evaluated. The surface element analysis result indicated that the salt that was not removed contained a certain amount of oxygen. Thus, the removal efficiencies of impurities and particles by deriving various post-treatment process conditions were analyzed. The results confirmed that the most stable and efficient current was formed at a specific higher voltage. Moreover, the best deoxidation result was 2425 ppm, which was 50% lower than that of the initial Ti scrap.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1981
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec


  • Deoxidation
  • Electrolytic refining
  • Rare-earth
  • Recycling
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Metals and Alloys


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