We demonstrate that the electromagnetic properties of a plasmonic metamaterial, composed of a perfectly conducting metal film perforated with an array of holes, can be effectively described by a structureless, three layer film. The enhanced transmission, first observed by Ebbessen, is identified with resonant tunneling in the equivalent three layer system and perfect transmission is shown to be possible below the critical thickness of a metamaterial. The nature of modes mediating perfect transmission is clarified.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics