Effects of aluminum content on cracking phenomenon occurring during cold rolling of three ferrite-based lightweight steel

Seok S Sohn, B. J. Lee, S. Lee, J. H. Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of Al content on cracking phenomena occurring during cold rolling of ferritic lightweight steels were investigated in relation to microstructural modification including κ-carbides. Three steels were fabricated, varying the Al content between 4 and 6 wt.%, and the center and edge areas of steel sheets containing 6 wt.% Al were cracked during cold rolling. The three steels were composed of ferrite grains and κ-carbides in a banded shape, and the overall volume fraction of κ-carbide increased with increasing Al content. The shape of lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands was changed from short and thin to long and thick. Microstructural observation of the deformed region of fractured tensile specimens revealed that deformation bands were homogeneously formed in wide areas of ferrite matrix in the steels containing 4-5 wt.% Al, and κ-carbide bands and boundary κ-carbides were hardly cracked. In the steel containing 6 wt.% Al, however, microcracks were initiated at grain boundary κ-carbides and long lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands. They led to the center or edge cracking during cold rolling. To prevent or minimize cracking, it was necessary to avoid the lengthening or thickening of lamellar κ-carbides. Therefore, it was recommended that the steels should be rapidly cooled from the finish rolling temperature to the coiling temperature through the formation temperature of κ-carbide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5626-5635
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
Volume61
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Steel
Cold rolling
Aluminum
Ferrite
Carbides
Ferritic steel
Microcracks
Steel sheet
Temperature
Volume fraction
Grain boundaries

Keywords

  • κ-Carbide
  • Calphad
  • Cold rolling
  • Edge crack
  • Ferritic lightweight steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Effects of aluminum content on cracking phenomenon occurring during cold rolling of three ferrite-based lightweight steel. / Sohn, Seok S; Lee, B. J.; Lee, S.; Kwak, J. H.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 61, No. 15, 01.09.2013, p. 5626-5635.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8eb1ee9e22a244f6b5bb63094436d567,
title = "Effects of aluminum content on cracking phenomenon occurring during cold rolling of three ferrite-based lightweight steel",
abstract = "The effects of Al content on cracking phenomena occurring during cold rolling of ferritic lightweight steels were investigated in relation to microstructural modification including κ-carbides. Three steels were fabricated, varying the Al content between 4 and 6 wt.{\%}, and the center and edge areas of steel sheets containing 6 wt.{\%} Al were cracked during cold rolling. The three steels were composed of ferrite grains and κ-carbides in a banded shape, and the overall volume fraction of κ-carbide increased with increasing Al content. The shape of lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands was changed from short and thin to long and thick. Microstructural observation of the deformed region of fractured tensile specimens revealed that deformation bands were homogeneously formed in wide areas of ferrite matrix in the steels containing 4-5 wt.{\%} Al, and κ-carbide bands and boundary κ-carbides were hardly cracked. In the steel containing 6 wt.{\%} Al, however, microcracks were initiated at grain boundary κ-carbides and long lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands. They led to the center or edge cracking during cold rolling. To prevent or minimize cracking, it was necessary to avoid the lengthening or thickening of lamellar κ-carbides. Therefore, it was recommended that the steels should be rapidly cooled from the finish rolling temperature to the coiling temperature through the formation temperature of κ-carbide.",
keywords = "κ-Carbide, Calphad, Cold rolling, Edge crack, Ferritic lightweight steel",
author = "Sohn, {Seok S} and Lee, {B. J.} and S. Lee and Kwak, {J. H.}",
year = "2013",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.actamat.2013.06.004",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "5626--5635",
journal = "Acta Materialia",
issn = "1359-6454",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "15",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of aluminum content on cracking phenomenon occurring during cold rolling of three ferrite-based lightweight steel

AU - Sohn, Seok S

AU - Lee, B. J.

AU - Lee, S.

AU - Kwak, J. H.

PY - 2013/9/1

Y1 - 2013/9/1

N2 - The effects of Al content on cracking phenomena occurring during cold rolling of ferritic lightweight steels were investigated in relation to microstructural modification including κ-carbides. Three steels were fabricated, varying the Al content between 4 and 6 wt.%, and the center and edge areas of steel sheets containing 6 wt.% Al were cracked during cold rolling. The three steels were composed of ferrite grains and κ-carbides in a banded shape, and the overall volume fraction of κ-carbide increased with increasing Al content. The shape of lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands was changed from short and thin to long and thick. Microstructural observation of the deformed region of fractured tensile specimens revealed that deformation bands were homogeneously formed in wide areas of ferrite matrix in the steels containing 4-5 wt.% Al, and κ-carbide bands and boundary κ-carbides were hardly cracked. In the steel containing 6 wt.% Al, however, microcracks were initiated at grain boundary κ-carbides and long lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands. They led to the center or edge cracking during cold rolling. To prevent or minimize cracking, it was necessary to avoid the lengthening or thickening of lamellar κ-carbides. Therefore, it was recommended that the steels should be rapidly cooled from the finish rolling temperature to the coiling temperature through the formation temperature of κ-carbide.

AB - The effects of Al content on cracking phenomena occurring during cold rolling of ferritic lightweight steels were investigated in relation to microstructural modification including κ-carbides. Three steels were fabricated, varying the Al content between 4 and 6 wt.%, and the center and edge areas of steel sheets containing 6 wt.% Al were cracked during cold rolling. The three steels were composed of ferrite grains and κ-carbides in a banded shape, and the overall volume fraction of κ-carbide increased with increasing Al content. The shape of lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands was changed from short and thin to long and thick. Microstructural observation of the deformed region of fractured tensile specimens revealed that deformation bands were homogeneously formed in wide areas of ferrite matrix in the steels containing 4-5 wt.% Al, and κ-carbide bands and boundary κ-carbides were hardly cracked. In the steel containing 6 wt.% Al, however, microcracks were initiated at grain boundary κ-carbides and long lamellar κ-carbides inside κ-carbide bands. They led to the center or edge cracking during cold rolling. To prevent or minimize cracking, it was necessary to avoid the lengthening or thickening of lamellar κ-carbides. Therefore, it was recommended that the steels should be rapidly cooled from the finish rolling temperature to the coiling temperature through the formation temperature of κ-carbide.

KW - κ-Carbide

KW - Calphad

KW - Cold rolling

KW - Edge crack

KW - Ferritic lightweight steel

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881311089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881311089&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.06.004

DO - 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.06.004

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 5626

EP - 5635

JO - Acta Materialia

JF - Acta Materialia

SN - 1359-6454

IS - 15

ER -