Effects of an Integrated Physical Activity Program for Physically Inactive Workers: Based on the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model

Hye Jin Kim, Jina Choo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: We aimed to examine the effects of an integrated physical activity (PA) program developed for physically inactive workers on the theoretical basis of the PRECEDE-PROCEED model. METHODS: Participants were 268 workers in three departments of L manufacturing unit in South Korea. The three departments were randomly allocated into integration (n=86) (INT), education (n=94) (ED), and control (n=88) (CT) groups. The INT group received self-regulation, support, and policy-environmental strategies of a 12-week integrated PA program, the ED group received self-regulation strategies only, and the CT group did not receive any strategies. After 12 weeks, process evaluation was conducted by using the measures of self-regulation (autonomous vs. controlled regulation), autonomy support, and resource availability; impact evaluation by using PA measures of sitting time, PA expenditure, and compliance; and outcome evaluation by using the measures of cardiometabolic/musculoskeletal health and presenteeism. RESULTS: Among process measures, autonomous regulation did not differ by group, but significantly decreased in the CT group (p=.006). Among impact measures, PA compliance significantly increased in the INT group compared to the CT group (p=.003). Among outcome measures, the changes in cardiometabolic/musculoskeletal health and presenteeism did not differ by group; however, systolic blood pressure (p=.012) and a presenteeism variable (p=.041) significantly decreased only in the INT group. CONCLUSION: The integrated PA program may have a significant effect on increases in PA compliance and significant tendencies toward improvements in a part of cardiometabolic health and presenteeism for physically inactive workers. Therefore, occupational health nurses may modify and use it as a workplace PA program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)692-707
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Korean Academy of Nursing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1


  • Health Promotion
  • Occupational Health Nursing
  • Physical Activity
  • Presenteeism
  • Risk Factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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