Effects of angiotensin-II receptor blocker on inhibition of thrombogenicity in a canine atrial fibrillation model

Jong Il Choi, Jae Seung Jung, Min Kyung Kim, Jaemin Sim, Jin Seok Kim, Hong Euy Lim, Sang Weon Park, Young Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARBs) are known to reduce the development of atrial fibrillation (AF) through reverse-remodeling. However, the effect of ARBs on thrombogenicity in AF remains unknown. Materials and Methods: Twelve dogs were assigned to control (n=4), ARB (candesartan cilexitil 10 mg/kg/day p.o., 12 weeks; n=4), or sham (n=4) groups. Sustained AF was induced by rapid atrial pacing. Both arterial and venous serum levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1, von Willebrand factor, P-selectin, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) were measured at baseline and during AF (0, 4, and 12 weeks) with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Biopsies from both atria including the appendages were performed to semi-quantitatively assess endocardial and myocardial fibrosis after 12 weeks. Results: The serum levels of bio-markers were not significantly different at baseline or during AF between the control and the candesartan groups. The levels were not significantly different over time, but there was a trend toward a decrease in arterial VCAM-1 from 4 to 12 weeks in the candesartan group compared to the control group. The grades of endocardial fibrosis after 12 weeks but not those of myocardial fibrosis were slightly reduced in the candesartan group compared to the control group. Conclusion: This study did not show that the ARB candesartan significantly reverses thrombogenicity or fibrosis during AF. Future studies using a larger number of subjects are warranted to determine the therapeutic effect of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade on prothrombogenic processes in AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-342
Number of pages8
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Biological markers
  • Fibrosis
  • Thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Choi, J. I., Jung, J. S., Kim, M. K., Sim, J., Kim, J. S., Lim, H. E., Park, S. W., & Kim, Y. H. (2016). Effects of angiotensin-II receptor blocker on inhibition of thrombogenicity in a canine atrial fibrillation model. Korean Circulation Journal, 46(3), 335-342. https://doi.org/10.4070/kcj.2016.46.3.335