Effects of annealing on the microstructures and mechanical properties of TiN/AlN nano-multilayer films prepared by ion-beam assisted deposition

Do Geun Kim, Tae Yeon Seong, Young Joon Baik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High temperature stability of superlattice films of TiN/AIN nano-multilayers was investigated. TiN/AlN multilayers with bilayer periods from 2.9 to 32 nm were prepared on (100) Si wafer by an ion-beam assisted deposition (IBAD) process, alternatively evaporating Ti and Al metals with the bombardment of ions of nitrogen and argon mixed gases. They were annealed at temperatures from 800 to 1100 °C under Ar atmosphere using rapid thermal process (RTP). Changes in microstructure and lattice structure were investigated using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Hardness of the films both before and after the annealing was measured using nano-indentation. The hardness of films with λ≤3.2 nm was higher than 30 GPa, while those with larger layer thickness were approximately 20 GPa. When annealing the superlattice film, its microstructure remained unchanged at temperatures up to 1000 °C. Its hardness was also maintained after annealing. However, annealing above 1100 °C modified the microstructure abruptly, which caused the loss of hardness enhancement due to the superlattice formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume153
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Microstructure
  • Nano-indentation
  • Nanostructure
  • Thermal stability
  • TiN/AlN multilayers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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