Effects of Anxiety and cognitive load on instrument scanning behavior in a flight simulation

Jonathan Allsop, Rob Gray, Heinrich Bulthoff, Lewis Chuang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research has rarely examined the combined influence of anxiety and cognitive load on gaze behavior and performance whilst undertaking complex perceptual-motor tasks. In the current study, participants performed an aviation instrument landing task in neutral and anxiety conditions, while performing a low or high cognitive load auditory n-back task. Both self-reported anxiety and heart rate increased from neutral conditions indicating that anxiety was successfully manipulated. Response accuracy and reaction time for the auditory task indicated that cognitive load was also successfully manipulated. Cognitive load negatively impacted flight performance and the frequency of gaze transitions between areas of interest. Performance was maintained in anxious conditions, with a concomitant decrease in n-back reaction time suggesting that this was due to an increase in mental effort. Analyses of individual responses to the anxiety manipulation revealed that changes in anxiety levels from neutral to anxiety conditions were positively correlated with changes in visual scanning entropy, which is a measure of the randomness of gaze behavior, but only when cognitive load was high. This finding lends support for an interactive effect of cognitive anxiety and cognitive load on attentional control.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Eye Tracking and Visualization, ETVIS 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages55-59
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509047314
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 10
Event2nd Workshop on Eye Tracking and Visualization, ETVIS 2016 - Baltimore, United States
Duration: 2016 Oct 23 → …

Other

Other2nd Workshop on Eye Tracking and Visualization, ETVIS 2016
CountryUnited States
CityBaltimore
Period16/10/23 → …

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Entropy
  • Eye-movement
  • Instrumentation
  • Scanpath
  • Visuomotor performance
  • Workload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Media Technology

Cite this

Allsop, J., Gray, R., Bulthoff, H., & Chuang, L. (2017). Effects of Anxiety and cognitive load on instrument scanning behavior in a flight simulation. In Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Eye Tracking and Visualization, ETVIS 2016 (pp. 55-59). [7851167] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ETVIS.2016.7851167