Effects of CNF dispersion on mechanical properties of CNF reinforced A7xxx nanocomposites

Jun Young Lim, Se Il Oh, Yu Chan Kim, Kwang Koo Jee, Yun Mo Sung, Jun Hyun Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanofiber (CNF) reinforced A7xxx nanocomposites were fabricated by a liquid process, and the effect of CNF dispersion on the mechanical properties of the CNF/A7xxx nanocomposites was investigated. To enhance the dispersion of CNFs in the A7xxx matrix, we reduced their aspect ratios by vibration milling, and used surfactants and ultrasonication. A Cu layer was coated on the surface of CNFs to enhance the wettability of Al on CNF, to reduce the difference in specific gravity between CNFs and the Al melt, and to suppress the formation of brittle Al 4C 3 phase. Also, a button-shaped feedstock was fabricated with a mixture of Cu coated CNFs and Al powers to overcome the difficulty in direct injection of CNFs into the Al melt. As a result, CNF/A7xxx nanocomposites were successfully fabricated by a liquid process. The variations in the mechanical properties of the CNF/A7xxx nanocomposites according to the concentration of CNFs were analyzed. The yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, and elastic modulus of the nanocomposites for CNF of 0.76wt% increased by 33%, 55%, and 17%, respectively, in comparison to those of the A7xxx matrix. The CNF dispersion increased the strength of the CNF/A7xxx nanocomposites by about 38%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 30

Fingerprint

Carbon nanofibers
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
carbon
density (mass/volume)
buttons
Direct injection
Liquids
yield strength
matrices
liquids
wettability
Surface-Active Agents
Density (specific gravity)
tensile strength
Feedstocks
Yield stress
Wetting

Keywords

  • Al nanocomposite
  • Carbon nanofiber (CNF)
  • Cu coating
  • Melt stirring
  • Wettability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Effects of CNF dispersion on mechanical properties of CNF reinforced A7xxx nanocomposites. / Lim, Jun Young; Oh, Se Il; Kim, Yu Chan; Jee, Kwang Koo; Sung, Yun Mo; Han, Jun Hyun.

In: Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 556, 30.10.2012, p. 337-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lim, Jun Young ; Oh, Se Il ; Kim, Yu Chan ; Jee, Kwang Koo ; Sung, Yun Mo ; Han, Jun Hyun. / Effects of CNF dispersion on mechanical properties of CNF reinforced A7xxx nanocomposites. In: Materials Science and Engineering A. 2012 ; Vol. 556. pp. 337-342.
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