Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on preoperative anxiety, pain and endocrine response

Se Hwa Lee, Woon Young Kim, Chang Hyung Lee, Too Jae Min, Yoon Sook Lee, Jae Hwan Kim, Young Cheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is used as a treatment for depression and anxiety, and as an adjunctive intervention for pain management. This prospective study investigated whether CES could decrease preoperative anxiety, the injection pain of rocuronium, postoperative pain and stress hormone levels. Methods: Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to two groups, to receive either no pretreatment (control group) or CES pretreatment. Anxiety score, withdrawal response on rocuronium injection, and pain scores at 1, 4, 12 and 24 h post surgery were evaluated. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), cortisol and glucose levels were measured. Patients were blinded to the treatment condition. Results: Fifty patients entered the study (n=25 per group). Anxiety score and withdrawal responses during rocuronium injection were significantly reduced in the CES group compared with the control group. Pain score was significantly lower in the CES group than in the control group, 1 h and 4 h post surgery. There were no significant differences in ACTH, cortisol and glucose levels. Conclusions: CES pretreatment appears to reduce the level of preoperative anxiety, injection pain of rocuronium and postoperative pain. However, CES pretreatment did not affect stress hormone responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1788-1795
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of International Medical Research
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Electric Stimulation Therapy
Anxiety
Pain
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Surgery
Hydrocortisone
Hormones
Injections
Glucose
Postoperative Pain
Control Groups
Thyroidectomy
Pain Management
rocuronium
Prospective Studies
Depression
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
  • anxiety
  • cortisol
  • cranial electrotherapy stimulation
  • postoperative pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on preoperative anxiety, pain and endocrine response. / Lee, Se Hwa; Kim, Woon Young; Lee, Chang Hyung; Min, Too Jae; Lee, Yoon Sook; Kim, Jae Hwan; Park, Young Cheol.

In: Journal of International Medical Research, Vol. 41, No. 6, 01.12.2013, p. 1788-1795.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{010f023056194b3aa3514afe2fa82727,
title = "Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on preoperative anxiety, pain and endocrine response",
abstract = "Objectives: Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is used as a treatment for depression and anxiety, and as an adjunctive intervention for pain management. This prospective study investigated whether CES could decrease preoperative anxiety, the injection pain of rocuronium, postoperative pain and stress hormone levels. Methods: Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to two groups, to receive either no pretreatment (control group) or CES pretreatment. Anxiety score, withdrawal response on rocuronium injection, and pain scores at 1, 4, 12 and 24 h post surgery were evaluated. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), cortisol and glucose levels were measured. Patients were blinded to the treatment condition. Results: Fifty patients entered the study (n=25 per group). Anxiety score and withdrawal responses during rocuronium injection were significantly reduced in the CES group compared with the control group. Pain score was significantly lower in the CES group than in the control group, 1 h and 4 h post surgery. There were no significant differences in ACTH, cortisol and glucose levels. Conclusions: CES pretreatment appears to reduce the level of preoperative anxiety, injection pain of rocuronium and postoperative pain. However, CES pretreatment did not affect stress hormone responses.",
keywords = "Adrenocorticotrophic hormone, anxiety, cortisol, cranial electrotherapy stimulation, postoperative pain",
author = "Lee, {Se Hwa} and Kim, {Woon Young} and Lee, {Chang Hyung} and Min, {Too Jae} and Lee, {Yoon Sook} and Kim, {Jae Hwan} and Park, {Young Cheol}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0300060513500749",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "1788--1795",
journal = "Journal of International Medical Research",
issn = "0300-0605",
publisher = "Field House Publishing LLP",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on preoperative anxiety, pain and endocrine response

AU - Lee, Se Hwa

AU - Kim, Woon Young

AU - Lee, Chang Hyung

AU - Min, Too Jae

AU - Lee, Yoon Sook

AU - Kim, Jae Hwan

AU - Park, Young Cheol

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - Objectives: Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is used as a treatment for depression and anxiety, and as an adjunctive intervention for pain management. This prospective study investigated whether CES could decrease preoperative anxiety, the injection pain of rocuronium, postoperative pain and stress hormone levels. Methods: Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to two groups, to receive either no pretreatment (control group) or CES pretreatment. Anxiety score, withdrawal response on rocuronium injection, and pain scores at 1, 4, 12 and 24 h post surgery were evaluated. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), cortisol and glucose levels were measured. Patients were blinded to the treatment condition. Results: Fifty patients entered the study (n=25 per group). Anxiety score and withdrawal responses during rocuronium injection were significantly reduced in the CES group compared with the control group. Pain score was significantly lower in the CES group than in the control group, 1 h and 4 h post surgery. There were no significant differences in ACTH, cortisol and glucose levels. Conclusions: CES pretreatment appears to reduce the level of preoperative anxiety, injection pain of rocuronium and postoperative pain. However, CES pretreatment did not affect stress hormone responses.

AB - Objectives: Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is used as a treatment for depression and anxiety, and as an adjunctive intervention for pain management. This prospective study investigated whether CES could decrease preoperative anxiety, the injection pain of rocuronium, postoperative pain and stress hormone levels. Methods: Female patients undergoing thyroidectomy were randomly assigned to two groups, to receive either no pretreatment (control group) or CES pretreatment. Anxiety score, withdrawal response on rocuronium injection, and pain scores at 1, 4, 12 and 24 h post surgery were evaluated. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), cortisol and glucose levels were measured. Patients were blinded to the treatment condition. Results: Fifty patients entered the study (n=25 per group). Anxiety score and withdrawal responses during rocuronium injection were significantly reduced in the CES group compared with the control group. Pain score was significantly lower in the CES group than in the control group, 1 h and 4 h post surgery. There were no significant differences in ACTH, cortisol and glucose levels. Conclusions: CES pretreatment appears to reduce the level of preoperative anxiety, injection pain of rocuronium and postoperative pain. However, CES pretreatment did not affect stress hormone responses.

KW - Adrenocorticotrophic hormone

KW - anxiety

KW - cortisol

KW - cranial electrotherapy stimulation

KW - postoperative pain

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888224334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84888224334&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0300060513500749

DO - 10.1177/0300060513500749

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 1788

EP - 1795

JO - Journal of International Medical Research

JF - Journal of International Medical Research

SN - 0300-0605

IS - 6

ER -