Effects of CuO and ZnO Additives on Sintering Temperature and Piezoelectric Properties of 0.41Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3-0. 36PbTiO3-0.23PbZrO3 Ceramics

Cheol Woo Ahn, Sahn Nahm, Jungho Ryu, Kenji Uchino, Seok Jin Yoon, Soon Jong Jung, Jae Sung Song

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36 Citations (Scopus)


ZnO-added 0.41PNN-0.36PT-0.23PZ ceramics cannot be sintered below 950°C. However, when CuO is added, the liquid phase forms and specimens can be sintered even at 850°C. The dielectric constant (ε3 T0), piezoelectric constant (d33) and electromechanical coupling factor (kp) increase with the addition of CuO and this is due to the enhancement of the density of the specimens. When CuO is added to 0.41PNN-0.36PT-0.23PZ ceramics, improvements of density, ε3T0, d33 and k p are also observed. However, the d33 and kp values of the CuO-added 0.41PNN-0.36PT-0.23PZ ceramics are less than those of the CuO- and ZnO-added specimens. Therefore, ZnO is effective in improving the piezoelectric properties of 0.41PNN-0.36PT-0.23PZ ceramics. Good dielectric and piezoelectric properties of d33=575(pC/N), kp=0.55 and ε3T0= 3900 are obtained for 0.41PNN-0.36PT-0.23PZ+3.0mol% ZnO with 1 mol% CuO sintered at 900°C for 2 h.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan


  • 0.41Pb(NiNb)O-0.36PbTiO -0.23PbZrO ceramics
  • CuO
  • Low-temperature sintering
  • Piezoelectric properties
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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