Effects of experimental warming on soil respiration and biomass in Quercus variabilis Blume and Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. seedlings

Nam Jin Noh, Sun Jeong Lee, Wooyong Jo, Saerom Han, Tae Kyung Yoon, Haegeun Chung, Hiroyuki Muraoka, Yo Whan Son

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Abstract

Key message: In the open-field warming experiment using infrared heaters, 3 °C warming affected soil respiration more in the deciduousQuercus variabilisBlume plot than in the evergreenPinus densifloraSieb. et Zucc. plot, but did not affect the plant biomass in either species. Context: Understanding the species-specific responses of belowground carbon processes to warming is essential for the accurate prediction of forest carbon cycles in ecosystems affected by future climate change. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the effect of experimental warming on soil CO2 efflux, soil-air CO2 concentration, and plant biomass for two taxonomically different temperate tree species. Methods: Experimental warming was conducted in an open-field planted with Q. variabilis and P. densiflora seedlings. Infrared heaters increased the air temperature by 3 °C in the warmed plots compared with the air temperature in the control plots over a 2-year period. Results: The increase in air and soil temperature stimulated soil CO2 efflux by 29 and 22 % for the Q. variabilis and P. densiflora plots, respectively. Seasonal variation in the warming effect on soil CO2 efflux was species-specific. Soil CO2 efflux was also positively related to both soil temperature and soil water content. The soil moisture deficit decreased the difference in soil CO2 efflux between the control and warmed plots. Warming did not affect soil CO2 concentration and plant biomass in either species; however, the mean soil CO2 concentration was positively correlated with root and total biomass. Conclusion: Warming increased soil CO2 efflux in both Q. variabilis and P. densiflora plots, while the increase showed remarkable seasonal variations and different magnitudes for the two species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-545
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Forest Science
Volume73
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

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Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Experimental warming
  • Oriental oak
  • Red pine
  • Soil respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Ecology

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