Effects of flow direction on dynamic response and stability of nonhumidification PEM fuel cell

Wonseok Yang, Dowon Cha, Yong Chan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The flow directions of reactants in the anode and cathode channels have considerable impact on the dynamic responses of the nonhumidification polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). In this study, the dynamic responses of nonhumidification PEMFCs using short-side-chain membranes are investigated with the variation in the flow direction of reactants using a three-dimensional transient simulation model. The dynamic responses of the cell voltages and local transfer currents are analyzed with the abrupt increase in the current density. Generally, the counter-flow cell exhibits a higher performance than the co-flow cell. During the load change, the co-flow cell experiences zero-power periods owing to the low cell voltage. Moreover, the counter-flow cell shows more uniform variation in the local transfer current and yields an even distribution in the overshoot compared to the co-flow cell owing to the higher membrane water content and the lower ionic resistance. However, the counter-flow cell results in a longer settling time compared to the co-flow cell owing to the large increase in the membrane water content. Overall, for the nonhumidification PEMFCs, the counter-flow cell is determined to be a preferred flow design owing to the higher performance and stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-395
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy
Volume185
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 15

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Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Dynamic response
Fuel cells
Membranes
Water content
Electric potential
Anodes
Cathodes
Current density

Keywords

  • Dynamic response
  • Flow direction
  • Nonhumidification
  • PEMFC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Effects of flow direction on dynamic response and stability of nonhumidification PEM fuel cell. / Yang, Wonseok; Cha, Dowon; Kim, Yong Chan.

In: Energy, Vol. 185, 15.10.2019, p. 386-395.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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