Effects of fruits and stems of opuntia ficus-indica on blood glucose and lipid metabolism in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Jin A. Yoon, Yong-Suk Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the effects of fruits and stems of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten Makino on water intake, feed intake, body weight, blood glucose level and glucose tolerance in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Forty Sprague-Dawley male rats were divided into non-diabetic control (NC), diabetic control (DC), 8% Opuntia fruit (DOF), 5% Opuntia stem (DO-5) and 10% Opuntia stem (DO-10) groups. Fruits and stems of Opuntia ficus-indica were freeze-dried and ground before use in the experiment. Animals were fed experimental diet for 3 weeks. DOF, DO-5 and DO-10 groups showed lower water and feed intake as well as less body weight loss than DC group. The fasting blood glucose levels were 100 mg/dL for NC and 379 mg/dL for DC. Fasting glucose level of DOF was a significantly low level of 28% (p<0.05), whereas DO-5 and DO-10 had a decrease of 5% and 9% compared to DC. As for the glucose tolerance test, the highest blood glucose levels for NC and DC-10 group were observed at 30 minutes after glucose injection while those of DOF and DO-5 groups were after 60 minutes. DOF and DO-5 plasma insulin level improved. Plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride, non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and LDL-cholesterol concentrations were also lower in DOF, DO-5 and DO-10 groups, although HDL-cholesterol level was only slightly affected by experimental diets compared to DC. These results suggest that the feeding of Opuntia ficus-indica fruits and stems improved blood glucose and lipid metabolism in STZ-induced diabetic rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Blood glucose
  • Cholesterol
  • Insulin
  • Opuntia ficus-indica
  • Streptozotocin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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