Effects of Gold-Nanoparticle Surface and Vertical Coverage by Conducting Polymer between Indium Tin Oxide and the Hole Transport Layer on Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

Sung Hyun Kim, Tae Sung Bae, Wooseok Heo, Taiha Joo, Kyung Deok Song, Hong Kyu Park, Seung Yoon Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of varying degrees of surface and vertical coverage of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) by poly(styrenesulfonate)-doped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT:PSS), which was used as a capping layer between indium tin oxide (ITO) and a hole transport layer (HTL) on small-molecule fluorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), was systemically investigated. With respect to the Au-NP loading amount and size, the resultant current densities influenced the charge balance and, therefore, the OLED device performance. When the capping layer consisted of ITO/Au-NPs/PEDOT:PSS+Au-NPs, superior device performance was obtained with 10-nm Au-NPs through increased surface coverage in comparison to other Au-NP PEDOT:PSS coverage conditions. Furthermore, the Au-NP size determined the vertical coverage of the capping layer. The current densities of OLEDs containing small Au-NPs (less than 30 nm, small vertical coverage) covered by PEDOT:PSS decreased because of the suppression of the hole carriers by the Au-NP trapping sites. However, the current densities of the devices with large Au-NPs (over 30 nm, large vertical coverage) increased. The increased electromagnetic fields observed around relatively large Au-NPs under electrical bias were attributed to increased current densities in the OLEDs, as confirmed by the finite-difference time-domain simulation. These results show that the coverage conditions of the Au-NPs by the PEDOT:PSS clearly influenced the OLED current density and efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15031-15041
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 15

Keywords

  • charge balance
  • conducting polymer
  • gold nanoparticles
  • organic light-emitting diodes
  • surface and vertical coverage
  • surface plasmonic resonance effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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